Translated's Research Center



To which language should you translate to localize in Iraq?

What the 150 top websites do

Of the top 150 website (Global by design ranking):

  • 45/150 translate into English.
  • 19/150 translate into Arabic.

If you need others information, below you can find a selection of economic/social/cultural data

Index of content



Official languages
Arabic, Kurdish.


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Recognized regional languages
Suret (Assyrian) and Turkish/Turkmen.

High proficiency (EF) – 106 of 113 countries/regions in the world- 11/13 position in Middle East.


Capital: Baghdad
Currency: Iraqi dinar
Population: 44.49 mln
Population density: 100/km2


GDP: 264.18 billion USD (2022)
GDP per capita: 5,937.2 USD ‎(2022) ‎
Exports: $123 billion (2022)


Internet users: 78.7% penetration, 36.22 million
Unemployment rate: 15.3% (2022)
Urbanisation: 71% (2022)
Literacy: 86% (2017)


Numbering system
Arabic numerals and dot as decimal separator.

Date format: dd/mm/yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00964

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


$67.1 billion (2022). Refined Petroleum ($7.81B), Broadcasting Equipment ($3.76B), Cars ($3.4B), Jewellery ($3.01B), and Rolled Tobacco ($1.29B), importing mostly from United Arab Emirates ($21.2B), China ($14B), Turkey ($13.7B), India ($2.45B), and South Korea ($1.15B).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 15.8% have an account with a financial institution
• 1.6% have a credit card
• 4.8% have a mobile money account
• 1% makes online purchases

$123 billion (2022). Crude Petroleum ($111B), Refined Petroleum ($9.19B), Gold ($1.03B), Petroleum Coke ($770M), and Petroleum Gas ($388M), exporting mostly to India ($38.8B), China ($34B), United States ($10.3B), South Korea ($8.21B), and Greece ($6.27B).

Ease of doing business
Ease of conducting business is low (rated 44.7 out of 100). Ranked 17th out of 20 Middle Eastern and North African countries. Ranked 172nd out of 190 countries worldwide (2023, World Bank).

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datarepor

Service Imports (2019)
Service Exports (2019)

Source: OEC

Trade balance of goods from 2012 to 2022

Source: Statista

Historical Data Trade Imports

The following section uses historical trade data imports from partners of Iraq.

Historical Data Trade Exports

The following section uses historical trade data exports from partners of Iraq.

Source: OEC

The Top Export Opportunities for Iraq by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product by showing only products that Iraq is not specialized in.

Iraq's Most Complex Exports

The Product Complexity Index (PCI) measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Source: OEC

Iraq's Most Specialized Products

Specialization is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), an index that takes the ratio between Iraq observed and expected exports in each product.

Source: OEC

Market Growth Imports (2019)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start importing that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Market Growth Exports (2019)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start exporting that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Source: OEC

Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)

Source: WorldBank



Reach most of the online purchasing power

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales. It estimates the market share of each country in relation to global e-commerce.

Try it now


Media language

Information channels
There are hundreds of publications and scores of radio and TV stations. But political and security crises have resulted in an increasingly fractured media scene.
Television is the main medium for news. Many media outlets have political or religious affiliations. For private media, advertising revenues seldom provide a reliable income. The Iraqi Media Network (IMN) is a government holding company for outlets including Al-Iraqiya TV and Republic of Iraq Radio. The autonomous Kurdistan region has its own established media. Freedom of expression is protected by the constitution. But Reporters Without Borders says amid terrorism, political instability and protests, journalists face threats from all sides. Almost all homes have a satellite dish and there are dozens of Iraq-focused satellite TV networks.

The press

Al-Sabah – published by state-run Iraqi Media Network
Al-Zaman – private London-based daily
Al-Mada – Baghdad, private daily
Al-Mashriq – Baghdad, private daily


Al-Iraqiya – state-run 
Al-Sharqiya – private, based in Dubai, satellite and terrestrial
Al-Sumaria – private, based in Beirut, satellite and terrestrial
Kurdistan TV – operated by Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) from the autonomous Kurdistan region in northern Iraq 
KurdSat – operated by Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) from the autonomous Kurdistan region in northern Iraq


Republic of Iraq Radio – state-run
Voice of Iraq – private, Baghdad 
Sumer FM – affilate of Al-Sumaria TV

News agency

National Iraqi News Agency (Nina) – private, English-language pages
Iraqi News – news site, in English
Shafaq News – pro-Kurdish news site, pages in English

Media data source: BBC

Internet Data

Internet users
78.7% penetration, 36.22 million

Share of web traffic by device
77.19% mobile phones, 20% computers (laptops and desktops), 2.68% tablet devices and 0.13% other devices.

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
29.08  Mbps

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
32.64 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 100%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 77.1%

Most popular web search engines
Google (96.94%), Bing (1.76%), Yandex (0.53%), Petal Search (0.46%), Yahoo! (0.18%), other (0.13%).

Most used social media
Facebook (56.22%),  Instagram (21.86%), YouTube (15.63%), Twitter (5.04%), Pinterest (1.07%), Reddit (0.07%), LinkedIn (0.07%), other (0.03%)

Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter

Social statistics

Life expectancy
70 yrs (2021)

Corruption perceptions Index
Iraq scored 23 out of 100, ranked 157 out of 180 countries worldwide.

Current health expenditure
5.08% of GDP

CO2 emissions
3.8 metric tons per capita

World Happiness Index
Iraq ranked 107 out of 146 countries, with a score of 4.941.

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

Photo credit: Bulgac, iStock