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Armenia

Asia

To localize in Armenia

Introduction


Language

Official language
Armenian

T-index
0.018%

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Other languages
Limbu, Maithili, Newar, Angika, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Sherpa, Kiranti, Sunuwar, Bhojpuri, Rajbanshi

English
Moderate proficiency (EF) – 57 of 112 countries/regions in the world- 33/35 position in Europe.

Conventions

Numbering system
Arabic numbering system, point as decimal separator and space or comma as separator of thousands.

Date format: yyyy-mm-dd
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00 374

Demography

Capital: Yerevan 
Currency:  Armen Sarkissian
Population: 2,968 million
Population density: 104/km2

Economy

GDP: 13.86 billion USD (2021)
GDP per capita: 4,670.0 USD ‎(2021) ‎
Exports: $3.07 billion (2020)

Statistics

Internet users: 66.5% penetration, 1.98 billion
Unemployment rate: 9.6% (2020)
Urbanisation: 53.06% (2020)
Literacy: 100% (2020)


Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


Economy

Imports
$4.47 billion (2020).  Petroleum Gas ($392M), Refined Petroleum ($223M), Broadcasting Equipment ($114M), Packaged Medicaments ($102M), and Diamonds ($82.9M), importing mostly from Russia ($1.48B), China ($550M), Iran ($295M), Germany ($229M), and Turkey ($225M).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 45% have an account with a financial institution
• 8.1% have a credit card
• 15% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
Very Easy to conduct business (74.5 out of 100) 9th out of 24 European and Central Asian countries, 47th worldwide out of 190 countries (2022, World Bank)

Exports
$3.07 billion (2020).  Copper Ore ($739M), Gold ($464M), Rolled Tobacco ($241M), Hard Liquor ($202M), and Ferroalloys ($149M), exporting mostly to Russia ($671M), Switzerland ($594M), China ($323M), Iraq ($164M), and Bulgaria ($151M).

Economic freedom
‘Moderately free’ (65.3 out of 100) 34th out of 45 countries in Europe 58th worldwide out of 186 countries (2022, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal)

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 14th out of 19 Central and Southern Asian countries, 80th out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.


Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal


Service Imports (2018)

Source: OEC


Service Exports (2018)

Source: OEC


Most Complex Products by PCI

Product Complexity Index measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters

Source: OEC


Most Specialised Products by RCA Index

Specialisation is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage, an index that takes the ratio between Armenia observed and expected exports in each product

Source: OEC


Export Opportunities by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product, the barchart show only products that Armenia is not specialized in

Source: OEC


T-index

T-index

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Media

Media language
Armenian and Russian

Information channels
The new political landscape that emerged after mass protests in 2018 has had a big impact on the media.

The main private TV networks, which were once directly or indirectly controlled by the ruling political elite, have since become largely free of state control.

But some problems persist, including a lack of financial independence and political polarization. The editorial stances of many outlets reflect the interests of their owners.

TV is the dominant medium and news source, though less so among younger people. Russian-language broadcast and print media are widely available.

Few Armenians use newspapers as their main news source. Print runs are small – usually a few thousand copies.

More than 2.1 million people are online, around 72% of the population (Hootsuite/We Are Social, January 2019).

The internet has long been seen as an information space that is beyond government control. Freedom House said in 2019 that Armenia had the freest internet in the former Soviet Union, outside the Baltic states.

There are 1.4 million social media users. Facebook is the most popular platform. It was used to mobilize protesters in 2018 and is still a key forum for political debate.

Press

Aravot (Morning) – daily
Ayastani Anrapetutyun (Armenian Republic) – official government daily
Aykakan Zhanamak (Armenian Times) – daily
Zhanamak (Times) – daily
168 Zham (168 Hours) – thrice weekly
Golos Armenii (Armenia’s Voice) – Russian-language

Television

Public TV of Armenia – national, state-run
Armenia TV – national, private
ArmNews TV – private, news-oriented
Shant – private
Yerkir Media – private
Kentron TV – private

Radio

Public Radio of Armenia – national, state-run
Radio Hay – private
Radio Van – private

News Agencies

Arka – private, English-language pages
Armenpress – state-run agency, English-language pages
Mediamax – private, English-language pages
Arminfo – private
News.am – news website – English-language pages
Tert.am – news website, English-language pages
A1+ – news website, English-language pages


Media data source: BBC


Internet Data

Internet users
66.5% penetration, 1.98 billion

Share of web traffic by device
28.77% mobile phones, 70.52% computers (laptops and desktops), 0.71% tablet devices, others 0.01%

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
24.27 Mbps

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
27.93 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population 131.1%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G) 87.4%

Most popular web search engines
Google (92.14%), Yandex (6.23%), Bing (0.92%), Mail.ru (0.45%), Yahoo (0.29%), DuckDuckgo (0.2%)

Most used social media
Facebook (53.77%), Pinterest (16.67%), Instagram (13.49%), Twitter (4.36%), YouTube (3.91%) Linkedin (3.45%)


Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter


Social statistics

Life expectancy
75 yrs (2020)

Average age of the population
35.4 yrs (2020) 

Healthcare expenditure
11.34% of GDP (2020)

Religion
Christianity has been the state religion in Armenia since 301. During Soviet rule, religious expression was not encouraged. The emphasis was on atheism. Armenians had continued to attend church, however, in particular for life-crisis events and rites of passage. The majority of Armenians adhere to the Armenian Apostolic Church. There are also adherents to Catholic, Evangelical, and Protestant denominations.


Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF


Tertiary education in Armenia

Source: UNESCO


Tertiary education in Armenia by sex

Source: UNESCO


The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at imminent@translated.com


Languages research


Languages spoken in Armenia


The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to imminent.factbook@translated.com


Photo credit: Robert Levonyan, Unsplash