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Azerbaijan

Asia

To localize in Azerbaijan

Introduction


Language

Official language
Azerbaijani 92.5%

T-index
0.053%

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Other languages
Russian 1.5% and Armenian 1%

Lezgic

A Lezgic language, Lezgian is spoken by the Lezgins living in northern Azerbaijan. It is classified as a vulnerable language by UNESCO.

Avar

A language of the Northeast Caucasian family, Avar is spoken in parts of north-western Azerbaijan and Dagestan. It is spoken by about 762,000 people worldwide.

Taylish

The Talysh language, an Iranian language, is spoken in parts of Iran and southern Azerbaijan. Although it has about 500,000 to 1 million speakers, its popularity is constantly decreasing. Thus, UNESCO also classifies this language as vulnerable in its Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger

English
Very low proficiency (EF) – 92 of 112 countries/regions in the world- 35/35 position in Europe.

Demography

Capital: Baku
Currency: Azerbaijani manat
Population: 10,15 billion
Population density: 122/km2

Economy

GDP: 154.62 billion USD (2021)
GDP per capita: 5,384.0 USD ‎(2021) ‎
Exports: $13.8 billion (2020)

Statistics

Internet users: 81.1% penetration, 8.32 billion
Unemployment rate: 7.2% (2020)
Urbanisation: 53.06% (2020)
Literacy: 100% (2019)

Conventions

Numbering system
Arabic numbering system, point as decimal separator and space or comma as separator of thousands.

Date format: yyyy-mm-dd
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 0099


Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


Economy

Imports
$10.7 billion (2020). Cars ($615M), Gas Turbines ($321M), Packaged Medicaments ($302M), Wheat ($289M), and Broadcasting Equipment ($244M), importing mostly from Russia ($2.03B), Turkey ($2.03B), China ($936M), Germany ($473M), and United Kingdom ($448M).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 29% have an account with a financial institution
• 5.3% have a credit card
• 9.4% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
Very Easy to conduct business (76.7 out of 100) 6th out of 7 European and Central Asian countries, 34th worldwide out of 190 countries (2022, World Bank)

Exports
$13.8 billion (2020). Crude Petroleum ($9.3B), Petroleum Gas ($2.2B), Refined Petroleum ($292M), Gold ($211M), and Tomatoes ($201M), exporting mostly to Italy ($4.06B), Turkey ($2.61B), Russia ($728M), Greece ($514M), and Georgia ($490M).

Economic freedom
‘Moderately free’ (61.6 out of 100) 37th out of 45 countries in Europe 100th worldwide out of 186 countries (2022, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal)

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 3rd out of 17 South East Asia, East Asia and Oceania countries, 12th out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.


Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal


Service Imports (2018)

Source: OEC


Service Exports (2018)

Source: OEC


Most complex products by PCI

Product Complexity Index measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters

Source: OEC


Most Specialised Products by RCA Index

Specialisation is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage, an index that takes the ratio between Vietnam observed and expected exports in each product

Source: OEC


Export Opportunities by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product, the barchart show only products that Vietnam is not specialized in

Source: OEC


T-index

T-index

Reach most of the online purchasing power

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales. It estimates the market share of each country in relation to global e-commerce.

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Media

Media language
Russian, English, Azerbaijani 

Information channels
Dissenting voices are practically absent from mainstream media and critical journalists risk arrest and imprisonment.

“President Ilham Aliyev has been waging a relentless war against his remaining critics”, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) said in 2017. The organisation reported “independent journalists and bloggers are thrown in prison if they do not first yield to harassment, beatings, blackmail, or bribes.”

TV is the most popular medium and many homes are served by satellite channels. All Azerbaijan-based channels toe the government line. Some networks are owned by relatives or associates of the president. State-owned AzTV runs three national channels and there are four national privately-owned stations. State-funded iTV is a notional public service broadcaster. Turkish, Russian and Western TVs are available on cable. Opposition and exile TVs use satellite and online distribution. Analogue terrestrial TV was phased out in 2016-17. Radio outlets focus on entertainment. Around a dozen stations are on FM in Baku and many of them are relayed elsewhere. Most newspapers were set up for political or personal interests. Their distribution is largely limited to Baku. US-based Freedom House reports that although the government does not extensively block online content, web users and their families can “face arrest and intimidation, and pro-government trolling distorts political discussions”.

Press

Azarbaycan – government daily
Azadliq – opposition, online
Ekho – private daily, in Russian
Zerkalo – private daily, in Russian
Yeni Musavat – opposition title
Yeni Azarbaycan – ruling party house organ
Ekspress – weekly
525 Qazet – weekly

Television

AzTV – state-run, operates three networks
iTV – state-funded
Space TV – private
Lider TV – private
Azad Azarbaycan (ATV) – private

Radio

Azerbaijan Radio – state-run
Public Radio – state-funded

News Agencies

Azartac – state-run, English-language pages
Turan – private, English-language pages
Trend – private, English-language pages
APA – private, English-language pages
Day.az – news website, in Russian


Media data source: BBC


Internet Data

Internet users
81.1% penetration, 8.32 billion

Share of web traffic by device
61.89% mobile phones, 37.10% computers (laptops and desktops), 0.96% tablet devices, others 0.06%

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
28.25 Mbps

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
16.47 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population 116.1%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G) 84.3%

Most popular web search engines
Google (94.11%), Yandex (3.48%), Bing (0.83%), Mail.ru (0.45%), Yahoo (0.24%), DuckDuckgo (0.12%)

Most used social media
Facebook (30.16%), YouTube (21.21%), Pinterest (18.32%), Instagram (17.29%), Twitter (8.45%), Linkedin 1.6%


Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter


Social statistics

Life expectancy
73 yrs (2020)

Average age of the population
32.3 yrs (2020) 

Ethnicity
There are no overt ethnic problems. There is a tense situations with Armenians concerning an Azeri territory that is occupied by the Armenians, commonly known as the Garabagh conflict. There are small numbers of Kurds – Taats, Jews, etc, but there is no overt discrimination against any ethnicities in the country.

Healthcare expenditure
4.04% of GDP (2019)

Religion
People are generally non-religious. Having lived under Communism for 70 years and never learned about religion, therefore they are quite secular in their beliefs. However, many identify themselves as Muslims, without fully knowing what it means.

Gender
Society in general is male-oriented, fair pay for women is battle that has a long way to go.  


Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF


The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at imminent@translated.com


Languages research


Languages spoken in Azerbajian

Legend

  • Tsakhur

  • Georgian

  • Lezgi

  • Ludeo Tat

  • Budukh

  • Kryts

  • Muslim Tat

  • Khinalugh

  • Khalaj

  • Talysh

  • Udi

  • Kurdish

  • Armenian

  • Azerbaijani

  • Rutul

  • Avar

  • Uninhabited


The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to imminent.factbook@translated.com


Photo credit: Ganimat Pashazade, Unsplash