Translated's Research Center



To localize in Bulgaria



Official language


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Other languages
Turkish, Romani

High proficiency (EF) – 21 of 112 countries/regions in the world- 18/35 position in Europe.


Capital: Sofia
Currency:  Bulgarian lev
Population: 6,87 m
Population density: 64/km2


GDP: 84.06 USD (2020)
GDP per capita: 12,221.5 USD ‎(2020) ‎
Exports: $33.2 billion (2020)


Internet users: 70% penetration, 5.36 million
Unemployment rate: 5.3% (2021)
Urbanisation: 76.3% (2020)
Literacy: 98% (2021)


Numbering system
Arabic numerals and comma as decimal separator, space as thousands separator

Date format: dd-mm-yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code:  00359

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


$34.8 billion (2020).  Copper Ore ($1.62B), Crude Petroleum ($1.42B), Packaged Medicaments ($1.3B), Cars ($1.19B), and Broadcasting Equipment ($675M), importing mostly from Germany ($3.99B), Turkey ($2.63B), Romania ($2.59B), Italy ($2.29B), and Russia ($2.15B).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 72% have an account with a financial institution
• 14% have a credit card
• 26% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
It is very easy to conduct business (rated 72 out of 100) ranked 17th out of 44 European countries, and ranked 61st out of 190 countries worldwide (2022, World Bank).

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 8th out of 39 European countries, and 11th out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.

$33.2 billion (2020).  Refined Copper ($1.2B), Packaged Medicaments ($1.08B), Refined Petroleum ($1.02B), Raw Copper ($1.01B), and Precious Metal Ore ($761M), exporting mostly to Germany ($5.31B), Romania ($2.94B), Italy ($2.51B), Turkey ($2.1B), and Greece ($2.01B).

Main local online stores, and, and

Economic freedom
‘Moderately free’ (rated 69.3 out of 100) ranked 19th out of 43 European countries and ranked 32nd out of 186 countries worldwide (2022, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal).

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal

Service imports (2017)

Source: OEC

Service exports (2017)

Source: OEC

Most complex products by PCI

Product Complexity Index measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters

Source: OEC

Most specialised products by RCA

Specialisation is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage, an index that takes the ratio between Bulgaria observed and expected exports in each product

Source: OEC

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product, the barchart show only products that Bulgaria is not specialized in

Source: OEC

Share of payment methods offered by corporations in Bulgaria in 2019, by method

EOS Gruppe



Reach most of the online purchasing power

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales. It estimates the market share of each country in relation to global e-commerce.

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Media language
Bulgarian, English

Information channels:
Global media giants have a stake in Bulgaria’s lively broadcasting market. TV is the most popular medium. International media group CME runs bTV, Bulgaria’s most-watched channel. Scandinavian company MTG operates the national station Nova TV. There are several private regional TVs and many private radio stations. Cable and satellite are the main distribution platforms. Media ownership is concentrated among a handful of individuals. Bulgaria is the lowest-ranked EU state in the Reporters Without Borders (RSF) 2015 Press Freedom Index. Journalists “routinely shape their reporting to suit the political and economic interests of owners or major advertisers” says the US-based Freedom House.

The press

Dnevnik – daily
24 Chasa – daily
Telegraf – daily
Trud – daily
Presa – daily
Monitor – daily
Standart – daily
Sega – daily
Kapital – political, economic weekly


BNT (Bulgarian National Television) – public, runs two national and four regional channels and satellite TV for diaspora
bTV private, national
Nova TV – private, national


BNR (Bulgarian National Radio) – public, operates flagship network Horizont, cultural network Hristo Botev, regional stations
Darik Radio – private, national
BG Radio – private, national

Agence France Presse (AFP) – Paris-based, founded in 1835

News Agency

Bulgarian News Agency (BTA) – state-owned agency, English-language pages – news site
Novinite – English-language news site
Mediapool – news site
Focus – online news site, English-language pages

Social statistics

Life expectancy
74 yrs (2020)

Health expenditure
7.13% of GDP

Average age of the population
44.6 yrs (2020)

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

Tertiary education in Bulgaria by sex

Source: UNESCO

Tertiary education in Bulgaria

Source: UNESCO

The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at

Languages research

Languages spoken in Bulgaria


  • Bulgarian

  • Macedonian

  • Romanian

  • Turkish

  • Aromanian

The language research that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to

Photo credit: Barbora Vrzakova, Unsplash