To which language should you translate to localize in Cambodia?
Chan, Vietnamese, Tumpoon, Lao, Yue Chinese, Jarai and Mon-Khmer
T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.
Very low proficiency (EF) – 94 of 112 countries/regions in the world- 20/24 position in Asia.
Capital: Phnom Penh
Currency: Cambodian riel
Population: 16,58 m
Population density: 93/km2
GDP: 26.96 trillion USD (2020)
GDP per capita: 1,625.2 USD (2020)
Exports: $27.3 billion (2021)
Internet users: 67.5% penetration, 11.37 million
Unemployment rate: 0.4% (2022)
Urbanisation: 24.67% (2019)
Literacy: 81% (2019)
Arabic numerals and dot as decimal separator
Date format: dd-mm- yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00855
Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceogloba
Facts and data
$41.6 billion (2021). Gold ($10.9B), Refined Petroleum ($2.71B), Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($2.66B), Bi-Wheel Vehicle Parts ($611M), and Cars ($578M), importing mostly from China ($11.3B), Singapore ($11.2B), Thailand ($6.69B), Vietnam ($4.91B), and Hong Kong ($955M).
Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of age)
• 18% have an account with a financial institution
• 0.6% have a credit card
• 5.7% have a mobile money account
• 3.8% make online purchases
Ease of doing business
Difficult to conduct business (rated 53.8 out of 100) 18th out of 25 Asia Pacific countries 144th worldwide out of 190 countries (2020, World Bank)
Global Innovation Index
Ranked 15th out of 17 South East Asia, East Asia,and Oceania, 97th out of 132 worldwide.
The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.
$27.3 billion (2021). Knit Sweaters ($2.47B), Trunks and Cases ($2.04B), Knit Women’s Suits ($1.84B), Non-Knit Women’s Suits ($1.52B), and Leather Footwear ($933M), exporting mostly to United States ($9.59B), China ($1.94B), Germany ($1.89B), Vietnam ($1.88B), and Japan ($1.74B).
Main local online stores
Glad Market, Mall855 and MAIO Mall.
Other top websites include, RoseRb.com, Aliexpress, TaoBao, MyPhsar, BookMeBus, Nika and ECamShopping.
‘Moderately free’ (56.5 out of 100) 24th out of 39 Asia Pacific countries 110th worldwide out of 186 countries (2022, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal)
Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal
Service Imports (2019)
Service Exports (2019)
Specialisation is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage, an index that takes the ratio between Cambodia observed and expected exports in each product
Most complex products by PCI
Product Complexity Index measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters
Export Opportunities by Relatedness
Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product, the barchart show only products that Cambodia is not specialized in
Reach most of the online purchasing power
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Media language Khmer, English
Many Cambodian newspapers and private broadcasters depend on support from political parties. Prime Minister Hun Sen and his allies control several outlets. Media closures and the sale of a leading independent newspaper ahead of elections in 2018 mean that Cambodians “now only have access to news provided by major media groups directly linked to [Prime Minister] Hun Sen”, says media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF). The government uses “lawsuits, criminal prosecutions, massive tax bills and, occasionally, violent attacks” to intimidate the media, says the US-based Freedom House. BBC World Service broadcasts on 100 FM in Phnom Penh. Radio France International is also available on FM.
Ahead of elections in 2018, the government ordered ISPs to block access to 17 websites , including US-backed Radio Free Asia. Rules introduced in the same year require ISPs to install software to monitor and block content deemed illegal, including content on social media.
Reaksmei Kampuchea (Light of Cambodia) – pro-government daily
Kaoh Santepheap – pro-government daily
Phnom Penh Post – English-language
National Television of Cambodia (TVK) – state broadcaster
CTN – private
Bayon TV – private
National Radio of Cambodia – state broadcaster
Municipality Radio – commercial, jointly-run by Phnom Penh Municipality
Radio Bayon FM – commercial
Agence Kampuchea Presse (AKP)
Media data source: BBC
67.5% penetration, 11.37 million
Share of web traffic by device
62.12% mobile phones, 36.35% computers (laptops and desktops), 1.53% tablet devices and 0% other devices
Median speed of mobile Internet connection
Median speed of fixed Internet connection
Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 131.5%
Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 81.8%
Most popular web search engines
Google (95.98%), Bing (1.91%), Yahoo (0.76%), CoCoc (0.39%), PetalSearch (0.34%) DuckduckGo (0.18%)
Most used social media
Twitter (36.65%), Facebook (35.66%), YouTube (17.07%), Instagram (5.04%), Pinterest (4.49%), Vkontakte (0.5%)
Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter
70 yrs (2021)
Women or girls should be respected at work or home. They are not allowed to touch, hug, kiss or sit with men (e.g. in the car, in a home) who are not relatives. Some families are offended when their girls are asked to go out without their permission. Women or girls are required to be calm and soft mannered, to stay home, do housework, cook and obey their husband. Sometimes they are not allowed to sit and talk with a group of men. Traditionally, men are the breadwinners and make all the decisions in the family. They have power or control over all family-related issues. Children are mostly the responsibility of the mother. Notwithstanding this scenario, some women are now in the workplace and today, an increasing number of women are in management roles.
Current education expenditure
15.7% of total expenditure in public institutions
Current health expenditure
7.51% of GDP
Corruption perceptions Index
Algeria scored 33 out of 100, ranked 126 out of 180 countries worldwide.
The CPI measures the perception of corruption due to the difficulty of measuring absolute levels of corruption.
1 metric ton per capita
98 % of the people are Buddhist. The remainder are generally Christian, Muslim, Hindu etc. When participating in religious events such as rituals or ceremonies etc. you must follow religious tradition (ask local people if you do not know) such as bowing while kneeling, removing shoes and hat, sitting on the floor. Try to avoid dubious practices such as visiting fortune tellers.
Cambodian society is divided, generally, into unspoken class categories: upper, middle, and lower. The upper class, usually, is very sophisticated and places more emphasis on wealth than on education. Sometimes, upper-class people can relate well with the middle class depending on their activities.
There are some minority groups in Cambodia besides the Khmer ethnic group. They are Thai, Vietnam, Muslim (Cham), and Chinese. The Khmer ethnic group dominates society. There appear to be elements of discrimination against other ethnic groups due to historical events. Each ethnic group follows its own tradition. If you want more information you may need to contact each group or read local news. It is not considered very acceptable to marry someone from another ethnic group.
World Happiness Index
Cambodia ranked 115 out of 137 countries, with a score of 4.393.
The World Happiness Index measures happiness based on respondent ratings of their own lives, correlated with other life factors.
Ethnic composition Cambodia
Tertiary education in Cambodia
Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF
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Languages spoken in Cambodia
Khmer Loeu (Tribal)
The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org
Photo credit: Urf, IStock