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To which language should you translate to localize in Cambodia?


Official language
Khmer 90%

Other languages
English, French

Minority languages
Chan, Vietnamese, Tumpoon, Lao, Yue Chinese, Jarai and Mon-Khmer


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Very low proficiency (EF) – 94 of 112 countries/regions in the world- 20/24 position in Asia.


Capital: Phnom Penh
Currency: Cambodian riel
Population: 16,58 m
Population density: 93/km2


GDP: 26.96 trillion USD (2020)
GDP per capita: 1,625.2 USD ‎(2020) ‎
Exports: $27.3 billion (2021)


Internet users: 67.5% penetration, 11.37 million
Unemployment rate: 0.4% (2022)
Urbanisation: 24.67% (2019)
Literacy: 81% (2019)


Numbering system
Arabic numerals and dot as decimal separator
Date format: dd-mm- yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00855

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceogloba

Facts and data


$41.6 billion (2021).  Gold ($10.9B), Refined Petroleum ($2.71B), Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($2.66B), Bi-Wheel Vehicle Parts ($611M), and Cars ($578M), importing mostly from China ($11.3B), Singapore ($11.2B), Thailand ($6.69B), Vietnam ($4.91B), and Hong Kong ($955M).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 18% have an account with a financial institution
• 0.6% have a credit card
• 5.7% have a mobile money account
• 3.8% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
Difficult to conduct business (rated 53.8 out of 100) 18th out of 25 Asia Pacific countries 144th worldwide out of 190 countries (2020, World Bank)

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 15th out of 17 South East Asia, East Asia,and Oceania, 97th out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.

$27.3 billion (2021).   Knit Sweaters ($2.47B), Trunks and Cases ($2.04B), Knit Women’s Suits ($1.84B), Non-Knit Women’s Suits ($1.52B), and Leather Footwear ($933M), exporting mostly to United States ($9.59B), China ($1.94B), Germany ($1.89B), Vietnam ($1.88B), and Japan ($1.74B).

Main local online stores
Glad Market, Mall855 and MAIO Mall.
Other top websites include,, Aliexpress, TaoBao, MyPhsar, BookMeBus, Nika and ECamShopping.

Economic freedom
‘Moderately free’ (56.5 out of 100) 24th out of 39 Asia Pacific countries 110th worldwide out of 186 countries (2022, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal)

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal

Service Imports (2019)

Source: OEC

Service Exports (2019)

Source: OEC

RCA Index

Specialisation is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage, an index that takes the ratio between Cambodia observed and expected exports in each product

Source: OEC

Most complex products by PCI

Product Complexity Index measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters

Source: OEC

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product, the barchart show only products that Cambodia is not specialized in

Source: OEC



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T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales. It estimates the market share of each country in relation to global e-commerce.

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Media language Khmer, English

Information channels
Many Cambodian newspapers and private broadcasters depend on support from political parties. Prime Minister Hun Sen and his allies control several outlets. Media closures and the sale of a leading independent newspaper ahead of elections in 2018 mean that Cambodians “now only have access to news provided by major media groups directly linked to [Prime Minister] Hun Sen”, says media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF). The government uses “lawsuits, criminal prosecutions, massive tax bills and, occasionally, violent attacks” to intimidate the media, says the US-based Freedom House. BBC World Service broadcasts on 100 FM in Phnom Penh. Radio France International is also available on FM.

Ahead of elections in 2018, the government ordered ISPs to block access to 17 websites , including US-backed Radio Free Asia. Rules introduced in the same year require ISPs to install software to monitor and block content deemed illegal, including content on social media.

The press

Reaksmei Kampuchea (Light of Cambodia) – pro-government daily
Kaoh Santepheap – pro-government daily
Phnom Penh Post – English-language


National Television of Cambodia (TVK) – state broadcaster
CTN – private
Bayon TV – private


National Radio of Cambodia – state broadcaster
Municipality Radio – commercial, jointly-run by Phnom Penh Municipality
Radio Bayon FM – commercial

News agency

Agence Kampuchea Presse (AKP)

Media data source: BBC

Internet Data

Internet users
67.5% penetration, 11.37 million

Share of web traffic by device
62.12% mobile phones, 36.35% computers (laptops and desktops), 1.53% tablet devices and 0% other devices

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
19.12  Mbps

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
20.22 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 131.5%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 81.8%

Most popular web search engines
Google (95.98%), Bing (1.91%), Yahoo (0.76%), CoCoc (0.39%), PetalSearch (0.34%) DuckduckGo (0.18%)

Most used social media
Twitter (36.65%), Facebook (35.66%), YouTube (17.07%), Instagram (5.04%), Pinterest (4.49%), Vkontakte (0.5%)

Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter

Social statistics

Life expectancy
70 yrs (2021)

Women or girls should be respected at work or home. They are not allowed to touch, hug, kiss or sit with men (e.g. in the car, in a home) who are not relatives. Some families are offended when their girls are asked to go out without their permission. Women or girls are required to be calm and soft mannered, to stay home, do housework, cook and obey their husband. Sometimes they are not allowed to sit and talk with a group of men. Traditionally, men are the breadwinners and make all the decisions in the family. They have power or control over all family-related issues. Children are mostly the responsibility of the mother. Notwithstanding this scenario, some women are now in the workplace and today, an increasing number of women are in management roles.

Current education expenditure
15.7% of total expenditure in public institutions

Current health expenditure
7.51% of GDP

Corruption perceptions Index
Algeria scored 33 out of 100, ranked 126 out of 180 countries worldwide.

The CPI measures the perception of corruption due to the difficulty of measuring absolute levels of corruption.

CO2 emissions
1 metric ton per capita

98 % of the people are Buddhist. The remainder are generally Christian, Muslim, Hindu etc. When participating in religious events such as rituals or ceremonies etc. you must follow religious tradition (ask local people if you do not know) such as bowing while kneeling, removing shoes and hat, sitting on the floor. Try to avoid dubious practices such as visiting fortune tellers.

Cambodian society is divided, generally, into unspoken class categories: upper, middle, and lower. The upper class, usually, is very sophisticated and places more emphasis on wealth than on education. Sometimes, upper-class people can relate well with the middle class depending on their activities.

There are some minority groups in Cambodia besides the Khmer ethnic group. They are Thai, Vietnam, Muslim (Cham), and Chinese. The Khmer ethnic group dominates society. There appear to be elements of discrimination against other ethnic groups due to historical events. Each ethnic group follows its own tradition. If you want more information you may need to contact each group or read local news. It is not considered very acceptable to marry someone from another ethnic group.

World Happiness Index
Cambodia ranked 115 out of 137 countries, with a score of 4.393.

The World Happiness Index measures happiness based on respondent ratings of their own lives, correlated with other life factors.

Ethnic composition Cambodia
Tertiary education in Cambodia

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at

Languages research

Languages spoken in Cambodia


  • Khmer (Cambodian)

  • Khmer Loeu (Tribal)

  • Vietnamese

  • Cham

  • Mountain Cham

  • Lao

The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to

Photo credit: Urf, IStock