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Chile

South America

To which language should you translate to localize in Chile?

Introduction


Language

Official language
Spanish

T-index
0.32%

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Other languages
Portuguese, Italian, German, English and French.

Indigenous languages
Mapuche, Guarani, Aymara, Toba and Quechua.

English
High proficiency (EF) – 47 of 112 countries/regions in the world- 7/20 position in Latin America.

Demography

Capital: Santiago
Currency: Chilean peso
Population: 19,116 m
Population density: 25.71/km2

Economy

GDP: 252.94 billion USD (2020)
GDP per capita: 25,110.16 USD ‎(2020) ‎
Exports: $74.8 billion (2020)

Statistics

Internet users: 92% penetration, 17.70 million
Unemployment rate: 10.97% (2020)
Urbanisation: 87.64%
Literacy: 96.4 % (2020)

Conventions

Numbering system
Arabic numerals and comma as decimal separator

Date format: dd – mm – yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 0056


Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal


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Facts and data


Economy

Imports
$56.4 billion (2020). Refined Petroleum ($2.91B), Broadcasting Equipment ($2.12B), Crude Petroleum ($1.9B), Cars ($1.66B), and Delivery Trucks ($1.34B), importing mostly from China ($15.7B), United States ($10.7B), Brazil ($3.95B), Argentina ($2.91B), and Germany ($2.24B).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 74% have an account with a financial institution
• 30% have a credit card
• 19% have a mobile money account
• 29% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
Ease of conducting business is medium (rated 72.6 out of 100). Ranked 32nd out of 34 High income and oLatin American countries. Ranked 59th out of 190 countries worldwide (2019, World Bank).

Exports
$74.8 billion (2020). Copper Ore ($21.4B), Refined Copper ($14.5B), Fish Fillets ($2.57B), Sulfate Chemical Wood pulp ($2.1B), and Pitted Fruits ($1.96B), exporting mostly to China ($28.6B), United States ($9.94B), Japan ($6.41B), South Korea ($4.11B), and Brazil ($3.07B).States ($3.47B), Chile ($2.91B), and Vietnam ($2.87B).

Main local online stores
MercadoLibre, eBay and Amazon, Netshoes, Alibaba, Garbarino.com, Musimundo.com, Frávega, Apple and Cencosud

Economic freedom
‘Mostly not free’ (rated 74.4 out of 100). Ranked 2nd out of 32 American countries. Ranked 20th out of 186 countries worldwide (2019, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal).

Global Innovation Index

Ranked 1st out of 18 Latin American and Caribbean countries, 53rd out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.


Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal


Service Imports (2018)

Source: OEC


Service Exports (2018)

Source: OEC


Most complex products by PCI

Product Complexity Index measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters

Sources: OEC


Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Specialisation is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage, an index that takes the ratio between Chile observed and expected exports in each product

Sources: OEC


Export Opportunities by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product, the barchart show only products that Chile is not specialized in

Sources: OEC


Distribution of online transactions in Chile in 2018, by device

Sources: World Bank


Distribution of non-cash payment operations in Chile in the 20th century, by method

Sources: SBIF


Media

Media language Spanish

Information channels
National and local free-to-air TV broadcasters operate alongside extensive cable networks, which offer US and international networks. Radio is a key news source; there are hundreds of stations, most of them commercial. Spanish-owned Prisa Group is a major player. Two commercial groups own the bulk of print titles. The constitution guarantees press freedom and the media can criticise the government and cover sensitive topics. Chile scores well in the annual press freedom ranking compiled by Reporters Without Borders. But the group worries is worried about highly-concentrated media ownership.

The press

El Mercurio – daily
La Tercera – daily
La Nacion – government-owned daily
La Segunda – evening daily
Diario Financiero – business daily

Television

National Television of Chile – state-owned but not under direct government control
Canal 13 – private
Chilevision – private
Mega – private
UCV – owned by Catholic university
La Red – private

Radio

Radio Cooperativa – news-based, national, private network
Pudahuel FM – private
Bio Bio La Radio – private network
El Conquistador FM – private network


Media data source: BBC


Internet Data

Internet users
92% penetration, 17.70 million (2022)

Share of web traffic by device
52.47% mobile phones, 46.40% computers (laptops and desktops), 1.06% tablet devices and 0.06% other devices

Average speed of mobile Internet connection
14.15  Mbps

Average speed of fixed Internet connection
173.09 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 136.9%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 96.3%

Most popular web search engines
Google (91.56%), Bing (3.1%), Baidu (1.5%), Yahoo (1.47%), Yandex (1.07%)

Most used social media
Facebook (72.73%),  Instagram (10.44%), Pinterest (5.95%), Twitter (2.88%), YouTube (6.97%), Tumblr (0.35%), Reddit (0.37%)


Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter


Social statistics

Life expectancy
80.27 (2020)

Gender
Regardless of their level in the workforce, women are at a slight disadvantage because of the “machismo” ethic that continues to exist in Chilean workplaces.  Men still dominate decision making but this is gradually changing as more women enter the workforce and occupy managerial positions. Women have the same educational opportunities as men. More women are willing to make the sacrifices that a full time career requires. Often, they will hire immigrants (usually women) from neighbouring countries who come to work in Chile as domestics and as caregivers. Women that rise to positions of influence or importance are highly admired and respected by men and women alike. However, women still bear the burden of most aspects of life at home although this dynamic is changing. 


Ethnicity and Religion
Although not openly admitted, Chile is a country of well-defined and rigid economic/social classes with an increasing gap between higher and lower income earners. The elite and upper middle class, largely in control of the country’s finances and resources, are usually well educated. They are the sons and daughters of successful immigrants from European and Middle Eastern countries who settled in Chile during the 19th and 20th century. They live in distinct areas of cities.  Their children attend private schools and private universities.

The middle class includes professionals, middle and small size business people, artists, etc. They also hold education as a priority with a more open attitude towards others. This group is largely made up of sons and daughters of immigrant parents from Arabic countries, other Latin American countries, Italy and Spain. Also, the middle class includes Chileans of mixed descent. This is the group that more appropriately represents the typical Chilean person.

The lower class is less educated and composed of farmers and general labourers. Women are usually at home raising the children or work as domestics in the households of members of the upper classes. The ethnic background of this group is mainly a mixture of Spaniards arriving in Chile from the 15th century and indigenous peoples.

A person’s social class and ethnicity can often be determined by the family name.  In rural areas, this division is even more noticeable.

Religion
The majority of Chileans are Roman Catholics. This continues to permeate society at all levels, even though the last decade has seen a shift in people’s attitudes and beliefs that somewhat dampens the effect of the Catholic Church in everyday life. Notwithstanding this shift, a certain sector of society with a more traditional view of the Catholic Church’s role in society, having considerable power through its educational institutions, continues to resist the push for change among younger Chileans. The Catholic Church has a direct influence or it is consulted on a regular basis by the government and by the opposition members. However, it is not the strong moral bastion that it once was. Culturally, the Church has lost the moral power it once held, even though it remains the dispenser of reassurance and security in times of crisis for many Chileans. Many scandals involving the clergy have been discovered in recent years and this has eroded people’s confidence in the Church. 

At a more personal level, many citizens find themselves disagreeing with the Church’s position on issues such as sexual education in the classroom, abortion and divorce. In the last decade, citizens from all walks of life have been advocating for a more open dialogue, within the Church and outside, to address these and other issues. Respect for and adherence to Catholic holidays remains very important.


The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at imminent@translated.com


Languages research


Dialects in Chile

Legend

  • Arica and Parinacota

  • Tarapacà

  • Antofagasta

  • Atacama

  • Conquimbo

  • Valparaíso

  • Santiago Metropolitan

  • O’Higgins

  • Maule

  • Bío Bío

  • Araucanía

  • Los Ríos

  • Los Lagos

  • Aysen

  • Magallanes


The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to imminent.factbook@translated.com


Photo credit: Andres Valdes, Unsplash