Of the top 150 website (Global by design ranking):
- 7/150 translate into Spanish.
- 4/150 translate both into English.
- 1/150 translates into Cuban Sign Language.
Haitian Creole (4%), Lucumu 4%, Galician (1%), Corsican (1%)
T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.
Moderate proficiency (EF) – 38 of 111 countries/regions in the world- 3/20 position in Latin America.
Currency: Cuban peso
Population: 11,21 m
Population density: 108/km2
GDP: 107.35 billion USD (2020)
GDP per capita: 9,499.6 USD (2020)
Exports: $1.09 billion (2021)
Internet users: 71.1% penetration, 7.97 million
Unemployment rate: 1.7%
Urbanisation: 77% (2022)
Literacy: 99% (2021)
Arabic numerals and comma as decimal separator.
Date format: yyyy-mm-dd / dd-mm-yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 0053
Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal
Facts and data
$3.45 billion (2021). Poultry Meat ($330M), Wheat ($153M), Concentrated Milk ($107M), Crude Petroleum ($70.2M), and Rice ($66.9M), importing mostly from Spain ($741M), China ($574M), United States ($309M), Canada ($225M), and Italy ($185M).
‘Not free’ (rated 24.3 out of 100) ranked 32nd out of 32 American countries and ranked 175th out of 186 countries worldwide (2022, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal).
$1.09 billion (2021). Rolled Tobacco ($275M), Nickel Mattes ($148M), Raw Sugar ($121M), Hard Liquor ($91.8M), and Zinc Ore ($89.6M), exporting mostly to China ($419M), Spain ($118M), Germany ($70.2M), Belgium ($58.7M), and Switzerland ($46.2M).
Historical Data Trade Imports
The following section uses historical trade data imports from partners of Cuba.
Historical Data Trade Exports
The following section uses historical trade data exports from partners of Cuba.
The Top Export Opportunities for Cuba by Relatedness
Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product by showing only products that Cuba is not specialized in.
Cuba's Most Specialized Products
Specialization is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), an index that takes the ratio between Cuba observed and expected exports in each product.
Cuba's Most Complex Exports
The Product Complexity Index (PCI) measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.
Market Growth Imports (2014)
This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start importing that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.
Market Growth Exports (2014)
This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start exporting that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.
Reach most of the online purchasing power
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Media language Spanish, English, French, Portuguese
Cuba has the most repressive media environment in the Americas, says US-based NGO Freedom House. Almost all traditional media are state-controlled and journalists risk harassment and detention over coverage that is deemed to be critical of the authorities or the political system. In 2017, the Committee to Protect Journalists identified a gradual opening up of the media landscape. It cited a lively blogging scene, an increasing number of news websites and “an innovative breed of independent reporters”. The US tries hard to reach Cuban audiences. Washington-backed Radio-TV Marti says it provides balanced and uncensored news.
Freedom House says online access is tightly controlled and prohibitively expensive. Most users can only access “a closely monitored Cuban intranet”, it says. The government blocks access to some independent news websites.
Granma – Communist Party newspaper, website in five languages including English
Juventud Rebelde – Union of Young Communists newspaper, web pages in English
El Toque – independent news site
El Estornudo – independent news site
Media data source: BBC
71.1% penetration, 7.97 million
Share of web traffic by device
77.20% mobile phones, 22.21% computers (laptops and desktops), 0.59% tablet devices.
Median speed of mobile Internet connection
Median speed of fixed Internet connection
Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 59.5%
Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 68.5%
Most popular web search engines
Google (97.64%), Bing (1.92%), Yahoo! (0.15%), Duckduckgo (0.11%), Yandex (0.1%), other (0.08%).
Most used social media
Facebook (94.9%), Pinterest (3.51%), YouTube (0.6%), Instagram (0.55%), Twitter (0.35%), Tumblr (0.05%), Reddit (0.02%), other (0.01%).
74 yrs (2021)
Cubans are very open towards religion. Catholic and African religions are the prevalent ones. For approximately 30 years, government policies discouraged any type of religious activities. After the collapse of the communist bloc in Europe, the government re-assessed its approach to religion and the Cuban population openly returned to religious practises.
Class was almost non-existent or not visible during the 1960-1980 period. After the collapse of the communist bloc in Europe and the opening of trade with Western countries, class differences have emerged constituting a reality in the Cuban society today.
It should be noted that there are two currencies in Cuba. Workers who earn their salary in Cuban Pesos (CUP) usually have a hard time acquiring basic products for daily life as well as having access to some services. The case is different for a sector of the population who has income in Cuban Convertible Pesos (CUC), such as musicians, athletes, employees of firms, embassies and tourism and people who own private businesses. In general, government policies have preserved the basic rights of all its citizens such as universal education, health care and employment.
Current health expenditure
12.49% of GDP
Current education expenditure
99.1% of total expenditure in public institutions.
Although the macho mentality is still prevalent, Cuban society has achieved a high level of equality between men and women. Nowadays, more women hold key positions in the government as ministers, directors, or managers.
Cuba is a multi-ethnic nation with a highly mixed population. Most Cubans are from Spanish and African descent. People of Asian origin are also common, in a lesser ratio. A high percentage of the population could be qualified as mestizo or mulatto (a mix of races). The number of people of aboriginal origin is very low, and they usually live in the eastern part of the country, mainly Guantánamo.
When you become friends with a colleague, you are sharing more than the time at work, communication could become less formal and details of personal life may occasionally be shared. So, some considerations or privileges might be expected. An open discussion on the topic may discourage such expectations.
2.2 metric tons per capita.
Corruption perceptions Index
Cuba scored 45 out of 100, ranked 65th out of 180 countries worldwide.
Tertiary education in Cuba
Tertiary education in Cuba by sex
In your opinion, what do the people of Cuba need most at this time?
How satisfied are you with the economic system that exist today in Cuba?
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Languages spoken in Cuba
The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org
Photo credit: JF Martin, Unsplash