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Italy

Europe

To localize in Italy

What we know from our community

Italian may not be spoken by the largest numbers of people, but its impact and influence over global culture are undeniable: as everything in Italy, it’s more a matter of quality than quantity. For any company, a presence in the Italian market is about making a statement.

Italian makes a distinction between “tu”, the colloquial form, and “lei”, the formal way to address someone. The “lei” is used as a form of respect – for teachers, in-laws or any older people outside of the family – but it’s also much colder than “tu”, so it’s ruled out in advertising, for example. A variety of dialects are proudly spoken by the natives of each region, although mostly with family and friends. Regional accents are very recognizable and each comes with their own stereotype attached, that’s why brands have more than once tapped into those to convey a sense of authenticity or, sometimes, a comedic effect.

Then, first of all, take a look at what the 100 top websites do

Of the top 100 website (Global by design ranking):

  • 94/100 do translate into Italian
  • 6/100 do not translate into Italian

Of the 100 top website: 1 does not localize in Italy, 3 translate the website just in Spanish and English

Now, if you need others information about that country to make your decision, below you can find a selection of economic/social/cultural data


Introduction


Language

Official language
Italian

T-index
2.5%

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Most studied languages
French (72.3%), Spanish (18.8%) and German (8.7%)

English
Moderate proficiency (EF) – 30 of 100 countries/regions in the world- 25/34 position in Europe.

Demography

Capital: Rome
Currency: Euro
Population: 60.36m
Population density: 206/km2

Economy

GDP: 2 001.47 billion USD (2019)
GDP per capita: 33 159.07 USD ‎(2019) ‎
Exports: $525 billion (2019)

Statistics

Internet users: 82% penetration, 49.48 million
Unemployment rate: 7.8% (2020)
Urbanisation: 70.74% (2020)
Literacy: 99.15 % (2020)

Conventions

Numbering system
Arabic numerals with comma as decimal separator, space or dot as thousands separator.

Date format: dd – mm – yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 0039


Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal


Facts and data


Economy

Imports
$480 billion (2019). Crude Petroleum ($35.1B), Cars ($29.8B), Packaged Medicaments ($17.4B), Petroleum Gas ($15.8B), and Refined Petroleum ($9.11B). Partners: Germany ($75.1B), France ($41.2B), China ($34.9B), Spain ($25.5B), and Netherlands ($23.9B).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 94% have an account with a financial institution
• 42% have a credit card
• 65% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
It is easy to conduct business (rated 72.9 out of 100) ranked 35th out of 44 European countries ranked 51st out of 190 countries worldwide (2019, World Bank)

Global Innovation Index

Ranked 18th out of 39 European countries, 29th out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.

Exports
$525 billion (2019). PackagedMedicaments ($25B), Cars ($15.4B), Vehicle Parts ($14.3B), Refined Petroleum ($13.9B), and Valves ($8.21B). Partners: Germany ($64.5B), France ($54.9B), United States ($51.8B), United Kingdom ($27.9B), and Spain ($26.7B).

Main local online stores
Amazon.it, Apple.com, Zalando.it, Privalia.com, Esselungacasa.it, Shein.com, Unieuro.it, Eprice.it, Yoox.com, Amazon.com

Economic freedom
‘Moderately free’ (rated 62.2 out of 100) ranked 34th amongst 43 countries in Europe ranked 80th worldwide out of 186 countries (2019, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal)


Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal


Service Imports (2017)

Source: OEC


Service Exports (2017)

Source: OEC


Most complex products by PCI

Product Complexity Index measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters

Source: OEC


Most specialised products by RCA Index

Specialisation is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage, an index that takes the ratio between Italy observed and expected exports in each product

Source: OEC


Export Opportunities by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product, the barchart show only products that Italy is not specialized in

Source: OEC


Most popular online stores in Italy in 2018, by e-commerce net sales

Source: EcommerceDB.com


Which of the following methods do you prefer to use when you pay for a product you have bought online?

Source: PostNord


Media

Media language
Italian

Information channels
Italy’s heady blend of politics and media has sometimes led to concerns about the concentration of media ownership in the hands of former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi. Mr Berlusconi’s Mediaset owns Italy’s top private TV stations and the public broadcaster, RAI, has traditionally been subject to political influence. Thus, when Mr Berlusconi was prime minister, he was able to exert tight control over both public and private broadcasting. Between them, RAI and Mediaset dominate the TV market and are a potentially powerful political tool, especially as 80% of the population is said to rely on TV for daily news. Sky Italia has a near monopoly of the pay-TV sector. The Italian press is highly regionalised, reflecting Italy’s strongly regional history and character. Milan in particular is home to many newspapers and magazines. Most newspapers are privately-owned, often linked to a political party or run by a large media group. Newspaper readership figures are low compared to other European countries. Around 2,500 commercial radio stations stations broadcast in Italy. Some have national coverage and most are music-oriented. They share the airwaves with the networks of public broadcaster RAI. The media environment is generally free and press freedom is protected by the constitution. But Reporters Without Borders has cited threats against reporters, especially in parts of the south where mafia gangs are strong and self-censorship is widespread under political pressure.

The press

Corriere della Sera – Milan-based, major daily
La Repubblica – Rome-based daily, owned by L’Espresso group
Il Messaggero – Rome-based daily
La Stampa – Turin-based daily, owned by Fiat group
Il Sole 24 Ore – Milan-based financial daily

Television

RAI – public, stations include RAI Uno, RAI Due, RAI Tre, rolling news channel RAI News 24 and cable/satellite services
Mediaset – main private broadcaster, operates Italia 1, Rete 4 and Canale 5
La7 – private, owned by Telecom Italia Media

Radio

RAI – public, stations include flagship national network Radio 1, entertainment-based Radio 2, cultural station Radio 3 and parliamentary station GR Parlamento
RTL 102.5 – commercial, pop music
Radio 24 – commercial, news and business
R101 – commercial, pop music
Radio Italia – commercial, Italian pop music

News agency

Ansa
AGI


Media data source: BBC


Internet Data

Internet users
82% penetration, 49.48 million

Share of web traffic by device
39.2% mobile phones, 58% computers (laptops and desktops), 2.7% tablet devices, others 0.2%

Average speed of mobile Internet connection
36.78 Mbps

Average speed of fixed Internet connection
59.27 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 133%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 83%

Most popular web search engines
Google (96.56%), Bing (2.06%),Yahoo (0.8%), Duckduckgo (0.23%), Ecosia (0.19%), Yandex Ru (0.05%)

Most used social media
Facebook (58.95%),  Instagram (14.01%), Pinterest (13.15%), Twitter (10.45%),  YouTube (2.4%), Tumblr (0.66%)


Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter


Social statistics

Life expectancy
83.57 yrs (2020)

Gender
Men and women are equal before the law.  Women may aspire to hold the same job positions as men. 

Glass Ceiling Index

64 out 100, ranked 13th out of 29 countries.

The glass-ceiling index measures the environment for working women combining data on higher education, labor-force participation, pay, child-care costs, maternity and paternity rights, business-school applications, and representation in senior jobs.

Religion
Although Catholicism is the most adhered to religion in Italy (about 85% of Italians claim to belong to the Roman Catholic Church), religious freedom is protected under law by the constitution of 1947 (note that the constitution took effect on January 1, 1948).  Almost one out of two Italians goes to church every week.

Graduates (tertiary education):
In Italy, tertiary educational attainment is increasing for younger generations, even though it remains relatively low. The share of tertiary-educated 25-64 year-olds was 19% in 2018, compared to 28% among 25-34 year-olds. In Italy, 19% of 25-64 year-olds have a tertiary education (OECD average: 37%) and tertiary attainment rates are increasing for younger generations. The share of young adults (25-34 year-olds) who have attained a tertiary qualification is higher and reached 28% in 2018 (34% for young women), although the employment rate for tertiary-educated 25-34 year-olds is 67%, compared to 81% among 25-64 year-olds


Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF


The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at imminent@translated.com


Languages research


Dialects and minorities languages in Italy

Legend

  • Walser

  • Sudtirolese

  • Sudtirolese and Lombardo

  • Lombardo and Veneto

  • Ladino

  • Sudtirolese and Veneto

  • Bavarese Centrale

  • Sloveno

  • Cimbro

  • Friulano

  • Mòcheno

  • Veneto

  • Emiliano

  • Romagnolo

  • Toscano

  • Dialetti Italiani Mediani

  • Croato

  • Dialetti italiani Meridionali

  • Albanese

  • Siciliano

  • Greco

  • Calabrese

  • Gallo-Italico Siciliano

  • Siciliano Sudorientale

  • Ennese

  • Agrigentino

  • Trapanese

  • Palermitano

  • Gallo-Italico di Basilicata

  • Lombardo Piemontese

  • Ligure and Piemontese

  • Ligure

  • Occitano

  • Piemontese

  • Lombardo

  • Francoprovenzale

  • Gallurese

  • Sardo Nuorese

  • Sardo Campidanese

  • Sardo Logudorese

  • Catalano

  • Sassarese


The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to imminent.factbook@translated.com


Photo credit: Luca Bravo, Unsplash