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To which language should you translate to localize in Kazakhstan?


Of the top 150 website (Global by design ranking):

  • 31/150 translate into Russian.
  • 18/150 translate into English.
  • 11/150 translate into Kz.




Official language
 Kazakh 64.4%, Russian 95%


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Other languages
Minority languages: Ukrainian (898,000 speakers); German (958,000 speakers); Uyghur (300,000); Tatar (328,000 speakers); Uzbek; Tajiki; and Turkish.

Very low proficiency (EF) – 99 of 111 countries/regions in the world- 22/24 position in Asia.


Capital: Nur-Sultan
Currency: Kazakhstani tenge
Population: 19.62 million 
Population density: 7/km2


GDP: 220.62 million USD (2022)
GDP per capita: 11,243.7 USD ‎(2022) ‎
Exports: 53.6 billion USD (2021)


Internet users: 90.9% penetration, 17.73 million
Unemployment rate: 4.9% (2022)
Urbanisation: 58% (2022)
Literacy: 100% (2020)


Numbering system
Arabic numerals with comma as decimal separator

Date format: dd-mm-yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 007

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


$47.5 billion (2021). Cars ($1.75B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.48B), Packaged Medicaments ($1.1B), Computers ($881M), and Rubber Footwear ($814M), importing mostly from Russia ($18.1B), China ($13.9B), Germany ($1.7B), Turkey ($1.29B), and Uzbekistan ($1.03B).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 81.1% have an account with a financial institution
• 20.9% have a credit card
• 31.4% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
It is very easy to conduct business (rated 79.6 out of 100) ranked 4th out of 25 European & Central Asian countries and ranked 25th out of 190 countries worldwide (2022, World Bank).

$53.6 billion (2021).  Crude Petroleum ($21.6B), Gold ($3.99B), Refined Copper ($3.89B), Ferroalloys ($2.57B), and Copper Ore ($1.83B), exporting mostly to China ($10.6B), Russia ($5.99B), Greece ($4.62B), United Kingdom ($4.06B), and Germany ($3.82B).

In 2021, Kazakhstan was the world’s biggest exporter of Chromium Oxides and Hydroxides ($200M).

Economic freedom
‘Mostly free’ (62.1 out of 100) ranked 13th out of 39 Asian countries, ranked 71st out of 176 countries worldwide (2023, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal).

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 4th out of 10 Central and Southern Asian countries, 83rd out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal

Service Imports (2020)
Service Exports

Source: OEC

Historical Data Trade Imports

The following section uses historical trade data imports from partners of Kazakhstan.

Historical Data Trade Exports

The following section uses historical trade data exports from partners of Kazakhstan.

Source: OEC

The Top Export Opportunities for Kazakhstan by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product by showing only products that Kazakhstan is not specialized in.

Kazakhstan's Most Complex Exports

The Product Complexity Index (PCI) measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Source: OEC

Kazakhstan's Most Specialized Products

Specialization is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), an index that takes the ratio between Kazakhstan observed and expected exports in each product.

Source: OEC



Reach most of the online purchasing power

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales. It estimates the market share of each country in relation to global e-commerce.

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Media languages Kazakh, Russian and English.

The media scene is dominated by state-owned and pro-government outlets. Most major outlets are controlled by the government directly or indirectly. Nearly all pro-opposition print titles have been closed or forced into exile. Those that remain are “collapsing under the impact of fines”, says Reporters Without Borders (RSF). TV is the most popular medium. The government operates national networks. Russian stations are carried via cable and satellite. The internet is “closely controlled, with mass surveillance, imprisonment of bloggers and frequent cuts in access to news websites, social networks and messaging services”, says RSF.

The press

Kazakhstanskaya Pravda – state-run, Russian-language
Yegemen Qazaqstan – state-run, Kazakh-language
Ekspress-K – private, Russian-language
Zhas Alash – private, Kazakh-language
Liter – private, daily
Vremya – private, Russian-language
Karavan – private, weekly


Qazaqstan – state-owned, in Kazakh and Russian
Khabar TV – state-owned, news network
El-Arna – state-owned, news and entertainment
Kazakh Commercial TV (KTK) – private, in Kazakh and Russian
Eurasia 1 – majority government-owned
Channel 31 – private
Channel 7 – private


Qazaq Radiosy – state-owned, broadcasts in Kazakh and Russian
Europa Plus – private, Almaty, Astana
Tengri FM – private, Almaty
Russkoye Radio-Aziya – private, Almaty, Astana

News agency

Kazinform – state-owned; English-language pages
Interfax Kazakhstan – a service of Russian news agency Interfax; English-language pages
Tengrinews – private, news website

Media data source: BBC

Internet Data

Internet users
90.9% penetration, 17.73 million

Share of web traffic by device
67.40% mobile phones, 31.92% computers (laptops and desktops), 0.67% tablet devices and 0.01% other devices.

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
21.05  Mbps

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
45.27 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 130.5%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 93.7%

Most popular web search engines
Google (88.51%), Yandex (10.73%), (0.27%), Bing (0.27%), DuckDuckGo (0.07%),  other (0.15%).

Most used social media
Pinterest (20.34%), YouTube (20.02%), Facebook (17.08%),  Instagram (13.29%), Twitter (12.5%), VKontakte (11.65%), Reddit (2.31%), other (2.8%).

Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter

Social statistics

Life expectancy
70 yrs (2021)

Corruption perceptions Index
Kazakhstan scored 36 out of 100, ranked 101 out 180 countries worldwide.

CO2 emissions
11.3 metric tons per capita

World Happiness Index
Kazakhstan ranked 40 out of 146 countries, with a score of 6.234.

Current education expenditure
100% of total expenditure in public institutions

Current health expenditure
3.79% of GDP

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at

Languages research

Languages spoken in Kazakhstan


  • Kazakh

  • Russian

  • Uygur

  • Dungan

  • uninhabited

The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to

Photo credit: cosmopol, iStock