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To localize in Luxembourg

What we know from our community

The language is of the Luxembourgish people is Luxembourgish. But the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has three official languages: German, French and Luxembourgish. As Luxembourgish has a maximum of some 285.000 native speakers, resources in the language like books, newspapers, magazines, television, internet etc. are limited. Since most Luxembourgers also speak Standard German, French and English, there is strong competition with these languages, which both have large language resources. Because of the many frontier workers, who come every day to Luxembourg for work, and the many expats who live and work in the country, the communication is often done in another common language, to be more efficient, what isn’t benefitting for Luxembourgish. That’s why, the use of Luxembourgish remains limited and that’s why we have to encourage the use of written and spoken Luxembourgish. The written press in Luxembourg is mainly in German, French or English, and only two main radio sites have their websites in Luxembourgish. There are several distinct dialect forms of Luxembourgish including Areler (from Arlon, Belgium), Eechternoacher (Echternach), Dikrecher (Diekirch), Kliärrwer (Clervaux), Miseler (Moselle), Stater (Luxembourg), Veiner (Vianden), Minetter (Southern Luxembourg) and Weelzer (Wiltz). Further small vocabulary differences may be seen even between small villages. The language has reached a gradual standardisation towards a “Standard Luxembourgish”, what people can learn in language courses. Luxembourgish is today more written than ever through social media comments and messages, but unfortunately only a minority does master the right orthography.


“D’Sprooch vun de Lëtzebuerger ass Lëtzebuergesch. Awer de Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg huet dräi offiziell Amtssproochen: Däitsch, Franséisch a Lëtzebuergesch. Well Lëtzebuergesch nëmmen e Maximum vun ongeféier 285.000 Mammesproochler huet, sinn d’Ressourcen an der Sprooch wéi Bicher, Zeitungen, Zäitschrëften, asw… limitéiert. Bal all Lëtzebuerger schwätzt och Héichdäitsch, Franséisch an Englesch an dofir gëtt et eng grouss Konkurrenz tëscht de Sproochen. Wéinst och de ville Grenzgänger, déi al Dag op Lëtzebuerg schaffe kommen an déi vill Auslänner, déi do liewen a schaffen, gëtt d’Kommunikatioun meeschtens an eng aner Sprooch verluecht, fir méi séier ze sinn, wat der Sprooch awer kee Gefale mécht. Ganz eleng dofir musse mir d’Benotze vu geschriwwenem a geschwate Lëtzebuergesch weider héichhalen. Dofir bleift d’Notze vun der Lëtzebuerger Sprooch limitéiert. Déi geschriwwe Press zu Lëtzebuerg ass haaptsächlech op Däitsch a Franséisch, oder esouguer op Englesch a just e puer Radiosenderen hunn hir Websäiten op Lëtzebuergesch. Et gi verschidden Dialekter am klenge Ländchen ewéi Areler, Eechternoacher, Dikrecher, Kliärrwer, Miseler, Stater, Veiner, Minetter a Weelzer. Da ginn et och kleng Wierderënnerscheeder tëscht klengen Dierfer. D’Sprooch huet awer e “Standard Lëtzebuergesch” entwéckelt, deen d’Leit a Sproochecourse léiere kënnen.  Lëtzebuergesch gëtt haut och méi wéi jee geschriwwen, zemools an de soziale Medien, a Kommentarer an Noriichten, awer leider beherrschen déi mannst déi richteg Schreifweis.”

Tania Hoffmann, freelance writer, translator & language coach



Official language
French, German, Luxembourgish


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Languages in the workplace
French is the most common language in the workplace, corresponding to 78% of the population using the language at work. English follows with 51% and Luxembourgish ranks in third place with 48%.

Most studied languages
English, Italian, Spanish

Moderate proficiency (EF) – 16 of 111 countries/regions in the world- 14/35 position in Europe.


Capital: Luxembourg
Currency: Euro
Population: 640,06 m
Population density: 245/km2


GDP: 85.51 billion USD (2021)
GDP per capita: 133,590.1 USD ‎(2021) ‎
Exports: $15.1 billion (2020)


Internet users: 99% penetration, 632.2 thousands Unemployment rate: 5.3% (2021)
Urbanisation: 91.67% (2020)
Literacy: 99.15 % (2020)


Numbering system
Arabic numerals with comma as decimal separator, space or dot as thousands separator.

Date format: yyyy-mm-dd
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00352

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


$22.4 billion (2020).  Cars ($2.09B), Refined Petroleum ($1.07B), Packaged Medicaments ($554M), Scrap Iron ($532M), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($512M), importing mostly from Germany ($5.86B), Belgium ($5.48B), France ($2.17B), Netherlands ($1.3B), and China ($835M).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 99% have an account with a financial institution
• 70% have a credit card
• 76% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
It is easy to conduct business (rated 72.9 out of 100) ranked 33rd out of 34 OECD and high-income countries ranked 72nd out of 190 countries worldwide (2022, World Bank)

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 18th out of 39 European countries, 29th out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.

$15.5 billion (2020).  Iron Blocks ($821M), Cars ($619M), Rubber Tires ($555M), Iron Sheet Piling ($400M), and Cellulose Fibers Paper ($366M), exporting mostly to Germany ($3.46B), France ($2.55B), Belgium ($1.78B), Netherlands ($943M), and Italy ($580M).

Main local online stores,,,,,,,,,

Economic freedom
‘Moderately free’ (rated 65.4 out of 100) ranked 33rd amongst 45 countries in Europe ranked 57th worldwide out of 186 countries (2019, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal)

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal

Service Imports (2020)

Source: OEC

Service Exports (2020)

Source: OEC

Most specialized products by RCA Index

Specialisation is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage, an index that takes the ratio between Luxembourg observed and expected exports in each product

Source: OEC

Leading payment methods in Luxembourg as of the 20th century

Source: Statista



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Media language
Luxembourgish, German, French

Information channels
Luxembourg exerts immense media clout and has a long tradition of operating radio and TV services for pan-European audiences, including those in France, Germany and the UK. Media group RTL is behind much of this activity. Its outlets have been a part of the broadcasting landscape in France and Germany for decades. Generations of British listeners grew up with Radio Luxembourg, which beamed pop music programmes into the UK. “The Great 208” is no more, but RTL is still a key player in media markets across Europe.  Luxembourg’s media empire extends to the skies. It is home to Europe’s largest satellite operator, Societe Europeenne des Satellites (SES), which operates the Astra fleet. RTL and other privately-owned radios and TVs cater for domestic audiences. The constitution guarantees freedom of speech and of the press. Print media are privately owned and reflect diverse viewpoints.

The press

Letzebuerger Journal
Luxemburger Wort


RTL Tele Letzebuerg – RTL’s domestic network
Nordliicht TV – station for northern Luxembourg


RTL Radio Letzebuerg – RTL’s domestic network
Radio ARA – variety of music, some English-language programmes
EldoRadio – pop music
Honnert,7 (100.7) – public, cultural

Media data source: BBC

Internet Data

Internet users
99% penetration, 532.2 thousands

Share of web traffic by device
46.59% mobile phones, 50.32% computers (laptops and desktops), 3.06% tablet devices, others 0.03%

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
76.05 Mbps

Average speed of fixed Internet connection
91.52 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 134.8%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 94.6%

Most popular web search engines
Google (90.92%), Bing (4.35%), Duckduckgo (2.31%), Yandex (1.02%), Yahoo (0.64%), Ecosia (0.32%),

Most used social media
Facebook (68.1%),  Instagram (8.2%), Pinterest (11.05%), Twitter (9.1%),  YouTube (1.76%), Reddit (0.59%)

Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter

Social statistics

Life expectancy
82 yrs (2020)

Health expenditure
5.37 % of GDP  

Average age of the population
39.7 yrs

Graduates (tertiary education):
In Luxembourg, a master’s or equivalent degree is the commonest tertiary qualification: 22% of 25- 64 year-olds have a master’s degree; above the OECD average of 13%. In addition to first master’s programmes, students in Luxembourg are more likely to enrol in a second master’s. Among master’s and bachelor’s students in Luxembourg, 26% enrol in a master following a bachelor, double the OECD average and 15% enrol in second or further degree programmes, the highest rate among countries with available data, while the OECD average stands at 1%.

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

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The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to

Photo credit: Llibert Losada, Unsplash