Translated's Research Center



To which language should you translate to localize in Libya?

What the 150 top websites do

Of the top 150 website (Global by design ranking):

  • 17/150 translate into English.
  • 7/150 translate into Arabic.
  • 2/150 translate into French.

If you need others information, below you can find a selection of economic/social/cultural data



Official language

Actual languages
Minorities languages: Berber, Domari and Tedaga.

Most studied languages
English, Italian, French.


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Very low proficiency (EF) – 108 of 111 countries/regions in the world- 19/20 position in Africa.


Capital: Tripoli
Currency: Libyan dinar
Population: 6,8 m
Population density: 4/km2


GDP: 45.75 billion USD (2022)
GDP per capita: 6,716.1 USD ‎(2022) ‎
Exports: $30.8 billion (2021)


Internet users: 45.9% penetration, 3.14 million
Unemployment rate: 19%
Urbanisation: 81% (2022)
Literacy: 86%


Date format: dd – mm – yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00218

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


$18.3 billion (2021). Refined Petroleum ($3.66B), Rolled Tobacco ($636M), Broadcasting Equipment ($590M), Cars ($579M), and Jewellery ($424M), importing mostly from Turkey ($2.77B), Greece ($2.38B), China ($2.13B), United Arab Emirates ($1.71B), and Italy ($1.43B).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 65.7% have an account with a financial institution
• 10.3% have a credit card

$30.8 billion (2021). Crude Petroleum ($27B), Petroleum Gas ($1.94B), Refined Petroleum ($592M), Scrap Iron ($336M), and Gold ($236M), exporting mostly to Italy ($7.47B), Germany ($3.26B), Spain ($3.05B), China ($2.84B), and France ($1.94B).

Ease of doing business
Ease of conducting business is very low (rated 32.7 out of 100). Ranked 19th out of 20 Middle East and North African countries. Ranked 186th out of 190 countries worldwide (2022, World Bank).

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal

Service Imports (2018)
Service Exports (2018)

Source: OEC

Historical Data Trade Imports

The following section uses historical trade data imports from partners of Libya.

Historical Data Trade Exports

The following section uses historical trade data exports from partners of Libya.

Source: OEC

The Top Export Opportunities for Libya by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product by showing only products that Libya is not specialized in.

Libya's Most Complex Exports

The Product Complexity Index (PCI) measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Source: OEC

Libya's Most Specialized Products

Specialization is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), an index that takes the ratio between Libya observed and expected exports in each product.

Source: OEC

Market Growth Imports (2018)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start importing that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Market Growth Exports (2018)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start exporting that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Source: OEC



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T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales. It estimates the market share of each country in relation to global e-commerce.

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Media language Arabic, English.

Information channels
Libya has had a fluid and fractured media landscape since the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.
The existence between 2014 and 2021 of rival authorities in the west and east created political and media polarisation and enduring rivalry between key players.
As part of a new push for reconciliation under a unified interim government, parallel “state media” run by the two administrations are being merged.
Editorial stances shift, depending on the political and military situation. 
The battle of narratives on social media and TV has fuelled disinformation. Foreign players whose interventions in Libya have increased are also involved in media messaging.
There is a diverse media environment, with a multitude of outlets and a variety of platforms. Satellite TV is a leading news medium. Stations’ social media accounts are key news sources. Some prominent outlets are based outside Libya.
Local and international journalists face threats and attacks. Despite infrastructure limitations, internet use is rising markedly year by year.

The press

Al-Shuruq – Tripoli-based weekly 
Al-Wasat – Cairo-based weekly
Brnieq – Benghazi weekly
The Libyan Address – publishes in English and Arabic


218 TV – private satellite station, based in Jordan. Also runs 218 News
Libya al-Ahrar TV – private satellite channel, now based in Turkey
Al-Salam TV – private, satellite station based in Turkey
Libya al-Hadath – private, linked to Gen Haftar’s family
Al-Rasmeya and Al-Wataniya – Tripoli-based, representing Government of National Unity (GNU)
Al-Wasat – private, via satellite, based in Cairo
Libya’s Channel – private, via satellite, based in Amman


Wataniya – state-run, based in Tripoli
Tripoli FM – private, Tripoli
Lebda FM – private, Tripoli
Libyana Hits – private, based in Benghazi
Al-Wasat – private, based in Egypt, on FM in Libyan cities

News agency

Libyan Arab News Agency (Lana) – the parallel east and west “state” news agencies, both named the Libyan Arab News Agency (Lana) or Wakalat al-Anba al-Libiyah (WAL), announced in 2021 they would merge
Arraed News Network – Tripoli-based, Islamist-affiliated 
Ean Libya – London-based news site
Libyan Cloud News Agency – Tunis-based, European-backed
Al-Wasat – Cairo-based news site
Fassato News Agency – Rome-based news site
Libya Herald – English-language news
Afrigate News – news website
All Libyan Blogs – blog aggregator

Media data source: BBC

Internet Data

Internet users
45.9% penetration, 3.14 million

Share of web traffic by device
80.70% mobile phones, 18.57% computers (laptops and desktops), 0.71% tablet devices and 0.02% other devices

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
14.48  Mbps

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
8.86 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 175.9%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 85.6%

Most popular web search engines
Google (97.1%), Bing (1.84%), Yandex (0.36%), Yahoo! (0.35%), Petal Search (0.19%), other (0.15%).

Most used social media
Facebook (72.14%), Twitter (11.9%), YouTube (7.67%), Instagram (7.15%), Pinterest (1.01%), LinkedIn (0.04%), Reddit (0.04%), other (0.05%).

Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter

Social statistics

Life expectancy
72 yrs (2021)

Although the law confers Libyan women with the same rights as men, some workplaces cannot be run by women, such as those in which the physical strength of men is required. Women in Libya enjoy all the rights to earn promotions and have the same job application opportunities as men. In addition, female workers usually get special considerations from their bosses due to their other responsibilities as mothers and wives.

In the workplace, attributes such as education can count and well-educated people earn other people‘s respect both at work and outside of the workplace. Wealth-status will have no impact in the workplace. The majority of the population in Libya belongs to the middle class.

Corruption perceptions Index
Libya scored 17 out of 100, ranked 171st out 180 countries worldwide.

Islam is the official religion in Libya. In fact, all Libyans are practicing Muslims. However, in the workplace and elsewhere, other religions are always respected. Foreigners are expected to respect the dominant religion; for example one should not smoke or eat in public places during the month of Ramadan.

In the workplace, usually a worker‘s ethnic origin is irrelevant – especially for those who work in the capital, Tripoli. However, in other places, ethnic diversity may be discussed. Cities vary in culture and traditions.

World Happiness Index
Libya ranked 86th out of 146 countries, with a score of 5.330.

Current health expenditure
6.05% of GDP

CO2 emissions
6.7 metric tons per capita

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at

Languages research

Languages and dialects spoken in Libya


  • Arab, Arab-Berber

  • Berber

  • Touareg

  • Tebou

  • Uninhabited

The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to

Photo credit: Creative Photo Corner, Unsplash