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Mauritius

Africa

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Introduction


Language

Official language
French, English

Actual languages
Mauritian Creole, Bhojpuri, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil and Urdu, Chinese 

Demography

Capital: Port Louis
Currency: Mauritian rupee
Population: 1,27 m
Population density: 624/km2

Economy

GDP: 11.16 billion USD (2021)
GDP per capita: 8,812.1 USD ‎(2021) ‎
Exports: $2.05 billion (2020)

Statistics

Unemployment rate: 8.6% (2020)
Urbanisation: 40.77% (2019)
Literacy: 93% (2016)
Internet users: 46.9% penetration, 826.9 thousands

Conventions

Numbering system
Arabic numbering system and dot as decimal separator

Date format: yyyy-mm-dd/ dd-mm-yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00230


Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal


Facts and data


Economy

Imports
Imports $4.43 billion (2020).  Refined Petroleum ($521M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($194M), Cars ($152M), Packaged Medicaments ($139M), and Concentrated Milk ($90.4M), importing mostly from China ($781M), United Arab Emirates ($510M), India ($438M), France ($353M), and South Africa ($307M).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 89% have an account with a financial institution
• 24% have a credit card
• 5.6% have a mobile money account
• 16% make online purchases

Exports
$2.05 billion (2020).  Processed Fish ($244M), Raw Sugar ($197M), Non-Knit Men’s Suits ($94.4M), Knit T-shirts ($87.3M), and Non-Knit Men’s Shirts ($83M), exporting mostly to France ($201M), United States ($187M), South Africa ($170M), United Kingdom ($154M), and Zimbabwe ($148M).

Economic freedom
‘Mostly free’ (rated 70.9 out of 100) Ranked 1st out of 47 African countries Ranked 30th worldwide out of 177 countries (2022, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal)

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 1rd out of 27 Sub-Saharan African countries, 41st out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.


Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal


Service Imports (2018)

Source: OEC


Service Exports (2018)

Source: OEC


Most complex products by PCI

Product Complexity Index measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters

Source: OEC


Most specialised products by RCA Index

Specialisation is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage, an index that takes the ratio between Mauritius observed and expected exports in each product

Source: OEC


Export Opportunities by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product, the barchart show only products that Mauritius is not specialized in

Source: OEC


Media

Media language English, French, Indian

The constitution guarantees freedom of expression and of the press. Television is the most popular medium. State-owned Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) radio and TV generally reflect government thinking. MBC is funded by advertising and a TV licence fee. Daily newspapers and weeklies offer balanced coverage in several languages. They are often critical of both the government and the opposition parties. Two media groups – Le Mauricien Ltd and La Sentinelle Ltd – dominate the press scene. BBC World Service is available via a mediumwave (AM) relay (1575 kHz). Radio France Internationale is relayed on FM.

The press

L’Express – daily
Le Mauricien
– daily
Mauritius Times – in English

Television

MBC – state-run, operates three main channels and digital networks

Radio

MBC – state-run, broadcasting in English, French, Indian languages and Chinese; networks include RM1, RM2, Kool FM, Taal FM, One World FM
Top FM – private
Radio One – private
Radio Plus – private


Media data source: BBC


Internet Data

Internet users
46.9% penetration, 826.9 thousands

Share of web traffic by device
44.80% mobile phones, 53.55% computers (laptops and desktops), 1.60% tablet devices, others 0.05%

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
22.45  Mbps

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
19.69 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 154%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 79.0%

Most popular web search engines
Google (95%), Bing (3.8%),Yahoo (0.52%), DuckDuckgo (0.1%), Petal Search (0.46%), Ecosia (0.06%) 

Most used social media
Facebook (79.54%), Pinterest (7.45%), Instagram (4.92%), YouTube (3.72%), Twitter (3.36%), Linkedin (0.58%), Reddit (0.43%)


Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter


Social statistics

Life expectancy
74 yrs (2020)

Healthcare Expenditure
6.2%of GDP (2019)

Urbanisation
27.51% (2019)

Median age of the population
37.5 yrs (2020) 


Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF


The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at imminent@translated.com


Language research


Languages spoken in the Mauritius

Legend

  • Bhojpouri

  • Chinois

  • Marathi

  • Français

  • Créole Mauricien on Morisyen

  • English


The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to imminent.factbook@translated.com


Photo credit: Shubham Beeharry, Unsplash