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To which language should you translate to localize in Moldova?

What the 150 top websites do

Of the top 150 website (Global by design ranking):

  • 28/150 translate into English.
  • 21/150 translate into Romanian.
  • 13/150 translate into Russian.

If you need others information, below you can find a selection of economic/social/cultural data



Official language
Romenian (80.2%)


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Other languages
Gagauz, Russian and Ukrainian.

Moderate proficiency (EF) – 35 of 113 countries/regions in the world- 27/34 position in Europe.


Capital: Chișinău
Currency: Leu moldavo
Population: 2.53 mln
Population density: 90/km2


GDP: 14.51 billion USD (2022)
GDP per capita: 5,714.4 USD ‎(2022) ‎
Exports: $4.94 billion (2022)


Internet users: 63.5% penetration, 2.14 million
Unemployment rate: 0.9% (2022)
Urbanisation: 43% (2022)
Literacy: 100% (2021)


Numbering system
Arabic numerals with comma as decimal separator and space as thousands separator

Date format: yyyy-mm-dd / dd-mm-yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00373

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


$9.41 billion (2022). Refined Petroleum ($1.45B), Petroleum Gas ($789M), Cars ($396M), Insulated Wire ($238M), and Packaged Medicaments ($230M), importing mostly from Romania ($2.14B), Russia ($1.03B), Ukraine ($929M), China ($754M), and Turkey ($704M).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 64.3% have an account with a financial institution
• 8.1% have a credit card
• 18.4% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
Ease of conducting business is high (rated 74.4 out of 100). Ranked 10th out of 24 European countries. Ranked 48th out of 190 countries worldwide (2022, World Bank).

$4.94 billion (2022). Refined Petroleum ($564M), Insulated Wire ($511M), Seed Oils ($392M), Corn ($350M), and Sunflower Seeds ($341M), exporting mostly to Romania ($1.35B), Ukraine ($729M), Italy ($352M), Turkey ($309M), and Germany ($267M).

Main local online stores, and, and

Economic freedom
‘Mostly not free’ (rated 57.1 out of 100). Ranked 40th out of 44 European countries. Ranked 99th out of 186 countries worldwide (2024, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal).

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 35th out of 39 European countries, and 60th out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal

Service Imports (2018)
Service Exports (2018)

Source: OEC

Trade balance of goods from 2012 to 2022

Source: Statista

Historical Data Trade Imports

The following section uses historical trade data imports from partners of Moldova.

Historical Data Trade Exports

The following section uses historical trade data exports from partners of Moldova.

Source: OEC

The Top Export Opportunities for Moldova by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product by showing only products that Moldova is not specialized in.

Moldova's Most Complex Exports

The Product Complexity Index (PCI) measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Source: OEC

Moldova's Most Specialized Products

Specialization is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), an index that takes the ratio between Moldova observed and expected exports in each product.

Source: OEC

Market Growth Imports (2018)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start importing that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Market Growth Exports (2018)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start exporting that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Source: OEC

Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)

Source: WorldBank



Reach most of the online purchasing power

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales. It estimates the market share of each country in relation to global e-commerce.

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Media language

Information channels
Television is the most popular medium, although online media are increasingly influential. Politicians and business figures control the main broadcasting outlets. The top TV station is Prime, which rebroadcasts entertainment programmes from Russia’s Channel One alongside its own output. Public Moldova One TV broadcasts nationally. Political battles between the pro-Russia and pro-West camps are played out in the media. A 2017 “anti-propaganda” law bans rebroadcasts of Russian TV news and current affairs and a 2019 broadcasting code says that at least half of the programming bought from foreign broadcasters must come from EU countries. But Russian TV stations themselves remain popular. Moldovan media are blocked in the breakaway Trans-Dniester region and vice versa. Most private FM radio networks rebroadcast output from Russian and Romanian stations. The press divides along party political lines. The overall reach of the press is low and in decline. There is only one daily newspaper, the Moldovan version of a Russian tabloid. The internet is the second most important source of news after TV. Nearly 2.9 million Moldovans were online by 2017 – around 71% of the population ( A 2018 survey found that Facebook is the most popular social network, followed by Russian platform Odnoklassniki and Instagram.

The press

Moldova Suverana – in Romanian
Komsomolskaya Pravda v Moldove – daily, Moldovan edition of Russian tabloid Komsomolskaya Pravda
Timpul – weekly, in Romanian


Prime – private, national
Moldova One – public, national
Canal 2 – private, national
Pro TV Chisinau – private; Moldovan outlet of Romania’s Pro TV
Publika TV – private, news-based network
Jurnal TV – private, news and entertainment
TV8 – private


Radio Moldova – public
Hit FM – private, music
Vocea Basarabiei – private, news/speech
Jurnal FM – private, news/speech

News agency

Moldpres – state-run, pages in English
Infotag – private, pages in English
Unimedia – news site
Tribuna – news site

Media data source: BBC

Internet Data

Internet users
63.5% penetration, 2.14 million

Share of web traffic by device
58.67% mobile phones, 40.29% computers (laptops and desktops), 1.03% tablet devices and 0.01% other devices.

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
29.51  Mbps

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
106.00 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 125.8%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 93.6%

Most popular web search engines
Google (93.25%), Yandex (5.49%), Bing (0.72%), DickDuckGo (0.19%), Yahoo! (0.17%), other (0.17%).

Most used social media
Facebook (90.71%),  Instagram (3.2%), Pinterest (2.43%), Twitter (1.78%), YouTube (1.08%), VKontakte (0.41%), Reddit (0.15%), other (0.25%).

Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter

Social statistics

Life expectancy
69 yrs (2021)

Corruption perceptions Index
Moldova scored 39 out of 100, ranked 91 out 180 countries worldwide.

Current health expenditure
6.78% of GDP

CO2 emissions
3.3 metric tons per capita

World Happiness Index
Moldova ranked 62 out of 146 countries, with a score of 5.857.

Current education expenditure
90.5% of total expenditure in public institutions

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at

Languages research

Languages spoken in Moldova

The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to

Photo credit: CalinStan, iStock