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To which language should you translate to localize in Niger?

What the 150 top websites do

Of the top 150 website (Global by design ranking):

  • 15/150 translate into English
  • 12/150 translate into French

If you need others information, below you can find a selection of economic/social/cultural data



Official language
French. 20% of Nigeriens are literate in French, even up to 47% in cities and growing rapidly as literacy improves.


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Actual languages
Hausa (55.4%), Songhai (21%), Tamasheq (9.3%), Fulfulde (8.5%), Kanuri (4.7%), French (20%).


Capital: Niamey
Currency: West African CFA franc
Population: 26,2 million
Population density: 19/km2


GDP: 13.97 billion USD (2022)
GDP per capita: 533 USD ‎(2022) ‎
Exports: $3.78 billion (2021)


Internet users: 22.4% penetration, 5.98 million
Unemployment rate: 7.8% (2017)
Urbanisation: 17% (2022)
Literacy: 37% (2021)


Numbering system
Arabic numerals with comma as decimal separator

Date format: dd – mm – yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00227

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


$2.33 billion (2021). Rice ($275M), Cars ($113M), Rolled Tobacco ($69.3M), Palm Oil ($59.2M), and Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($57.8M), importing mostly from China ($441M), France ($193M), United States ($185M), Nigeria ($180M), and India ($175M).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 9.5% have an account with a financial institution
• 2.1% have a credit card
• 8.7% have a mobile money account

Ease of doing business
Ease of conducting business is medium-low (rated 56.8 out of 100). Ranked 18th out of 48 Sub-Saharan African countries. Ranked 132nd out of 190 countries worldwide (2022, World Bank)

$3.78 billion (2021). Gold ($2.7B), Other Oily Seeds ($344M), Radioactive Chemicals ($297M), Refined Petroleum ($235M), and Uranium and Thorium Ore ($36.5M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($2.68B), China ($344M), France ($197M), Burkina Faso ($123M), and Mali ($110M).

Economic freedom
‘Mostly not free’ (rated 53.7 out of 100). Ranked 23rd out of 47 Sub-Saharan African countries. Ranked 126th out of 186 countries worldwide (2022, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal).

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 22nd out of 27 Sub-Saharan African countries, and 125th out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal

Service Imports (2013)
Service Exports (2013)

Source: OEC

Historical Data Trade Imports

The following section uses historical trade data imports from partners of Niger.

Historical Data Trade Exports

The following section uses historical trade data exports from partners of Niger.

Source: OEC

The Top Export Opportunities for Niger by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product by showing only products that Niger is not specialized in.

Niger's Most Complex Exports

The Product Complexity Index (PCI) measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Source: OEC

Niger's Most Specialized Products

Specialization is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), an index that takes the ratio between Niger observed and expected exports in each product.

Source: OEC

Market Growth Imports (2013)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start importing that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Market Growth Exports (2013)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start exporting that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Source: OEC



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Media language French

Information channels
Niger’s underdeveloped media sector reflects the country’s poverty and low levels of literacy, which constrain media development and limit public access to some platforms and outlets.
The threat from jihadists is a further challenge to the media sector and those who work in it. 
Radio is the most important medium, particularly popular among rural and often illiterate audiences. Over 200 stations are licensed. Local relays of foreign radio stations are popular.
Television viewing is restricted by limited access to mains electricity, though a number of privately owned channels compete with the state broadcaster.
There are a substantial number of print media titles but readership is largely limited to the educated, French-speaking urban population. BBC World Service broadcasts in Hausa, French and English in the capital (100.4 FM). There are also FM relays of Voice of America (VOA).

News agency

Agence Nigerien de Presse (ANP) – state news agency, all ANO’s output is in French

The press

L’Enqueteur – pro-opposition newspaper
Le Sahel – and its Sunday edition Sahel Dimanche are the leading state-run newspapers
Niger Express – news website
Journal du Niger – news website
Tamtam Info – pro-government news website
ActuNiger – a leading private news website
Niamey et les 2 Jours – pro-government news website
Niger Diaspora – website aimed at Niger people living abroad
Sahelien – regional website based in Bamako, launched in 2014 with backing from the Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA) focuses on news in Niger, Burkina Faso and Mali


Tele-Sahel – state-run
Africable TV – pan-African Mali-based channel
Radio-Television Tenere (RTT TV) – also operates Radio Tenere, one of Niger’s most popular radio stations.


La Voix du Sahel – state-run, sole national station; broadcasts in French, Arabic, Hausa and vernacular languages
Radio Saraounia – private
Anfani FM – private
R&M (Radio et Musique) – private
Tenere FM – private

Media data source: BBC

Internet Data

Internet users
22.4% penetration, 5.98 million

Share of web traffic by device
82.78% mobile phones, 17.02% computers (laptops and desktops) and 0.19% tablet devices.

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
4.47 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 54.7%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 46.5%

Most popular web search engines
Google (95.38%), Bing (3.91%), Yahoo! (0.32%), DuckduckGo (0.08%),  Baidu (0.07%), other (0.25%).

Most used social media
Facebook (89.19%), Twitter (7.75%), Pinterest (1.1%), YouTube (1.09%), Instagram (0.64%), LinkedIn (0.14%), VKontakte (0.05%), other (0.05%).

Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter

Social statistics

Life expectancy
62 yrs (2021)

Youth, in particular, may be boisterous; sexual assault is not prevalent but most men tend to act in an outwardly sexist manner in the presence of women.

Corruption perceptions Index
Niger scored 32 out of 100, ranked 123 out of 180 countries worldwide.

Current health expenditure
6.2% of GDP

Current education expenditure
99.2% of total expenditure in public institutions.

CO2 emissions
0.1 metric tons per capita.

With regard to religion, the majority of the population is Muslim and strictly follow its rules such as regularly attending prayers and observing Ramadan.

Previously, ethnicity was a major problem; however, today all ethnic groups live together in perfect harmony.

Different social classes do exist and even affect marriage; girls and men from aristocratic families may not marry outside their caste. Classes often contribute to social barriers.

World Happiness Index
Niger ranked 104 out of 137 countries, with a score of 5.003.

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at

Languages research

Languages spoken in Niger


  • 1-Songhai-Zarma and Fulfulde

  • 2-Fulfulde, Hausa and Tamascheq

  • 3-Songhai-Zarma, Fulfulde and Tanascheq

  • 4-Arabisch

  • 5-Fulfulde

  • 6-Arabisch, Tamascheq and Fulfulde

  • 7-Tamascheq

  • 8-Kanuri

  • 9-Arabisch and Tubu

  • 10-Tubu

  • 11-Arabisch, Tubu and Kanuri

  • 12-Tasawaq, Arabisch and Tamascheq

  • 13-Tasawaq, Hausa, Fulfulde and Tamascheq

  • 14-Buduma, Kanuri and Arabisch

  • 15-Kanuri, Fulfulde and Arabisch

  • 16-Arabisch, Fulfulde and Tabu

  • 17-Fulfulde and Arabisch

  • 18-Fulfulde and Kanuri

  • 19-Fulfulde, Hausa and Kanuri

  • 20-Fulfulde and Hausa

  • 21-Fulfulde, Hausa and Songhai-Zarma

  • 22-Gourmanchéma

  • 23-Uninhabited

The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to

Photo credit: HomoCosmicos, iStock