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To improve communication among the Senegalese, it is necessary to invest in Wolof, which is spoken by 80% of the population.


To which language should you translate to localize in Senegal?

What we know from our community

French is the official language but is understood by about 15–20% of all males and about 1–2% of all women. While French may be the language of political and economic power in Senegal, Wolof is the language of social power and community.

What the 150 top websites do

Of the top 150 website (Global by design ranking):

  • 30/150 translate into English.
  • 29/150 translate into French.

If you need others information, below you can find a selection of economic/social/cultural data



Official language


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Other languages
Wolof (80%), Balanta-Ganja, Hassaniya Arabic, Jola-Fonyi, Mandinka, Mandjak, Mankanya, Noon (Serer-Noon), Pulaar, Serer, Soninke.

Very low proficiency (EF) – 94 of 112 countries/regions in the world- 15/23 position in Africa.


Capital: Dakar
Currency: West African CFA franc
Population: 17,31 m
Population density: 88/km2


GDP: 27.68 billion USD (2022)
GDP per capita: 1,598.7 USD ‎(2022) ‎
Exports: $5.25 billion (2021)


Internet users: 58% penetration, 10.19 million
Unemployment rate: 2.9% (2019)
Urbanisation: 49% (2022)
Literacy: 58% (2022)


Numbering system
Arabic numbers and comma as decimal separator

Date format: dd – mm – yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 00221

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


$14.3 billion (2021). Refined Petroleum ($2.39B), Rice ($476M), Crude Petroleum ($463M), Cars ($361M), and Packaged Medicaments ($330M), importing mostly from China ($3.02B), Russia ($1.31B), France ($1.09B), India ($908M), and Netherlands ($712M).
In 2021, Senegal was the world’s biggest importer of Processed Synthetic Staple Fibers ($47.8M).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 28.1% have an account with a financial institution
• 4.8% have a credit card
• 44.9% have a mobile money account
• 4.1% make online purchases

Ease of doing business
Ease of conducting business is medium (59.3 out of 100) 16th out of 48 Sub-Saharan African countries 123rd worldwide out of 190 countries (2022, World Bank).

$5.25 billion (2021). Gold ($1.01B), Refined Petroleum ($621M), Phosphoric Acid ($473M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($304M), and Ground Nuts ($285M), exporting mostly to Mali ($1.05B), Switzerland ($762M), India ($529M), China ($350M), and Australia ($219M).

Economic freedom
‘Mostly not free’ (57.7 out of 100) ranked 13th out of 47 Sub-Saharan African countries and ranked 103rd out of 176 countries worldwide (2023, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal).

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 7th out of 27 Sub-Saharan African countries, and 99th out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal

Service Imports (2018)
Service Exports (2018)

Source: OEC

Trade balance of goods from 2012 to 2022

Source: Statista

Historical Data Trade Imports

The following section uses historical trade data imports from partners of Senegal.

Historical Data Trade Exports

The following section uses historical trade data exports from partners of Senegal.

Source: OEC

The Top Export Opportunities for Senegal by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product by showing only products that Senegal is not specialized in.

Senegal's Most Complex Exports

The Product Complexity Index (PCI) measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Source: OEC

Senegal's Most Specialized Products

Specialization is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), an index that takes the ratio between Senegal observed and expected exports in each product.

Source: OEC

Market Growth Imports (2018)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start importing that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Market Growth Exports (2018)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start exporting that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Source: OEC

Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)

Source: OEC



Reach most of the online purchasing power

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales. It estimates the market share of each country in relation to global e-commerce.

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Media language French

Information channels
Senegal has traditionally had one of the most unrestricted and diverse media scenes in the region. The constitution guarantees freedom of information and abuses against journalists are relatively infrequent, says Reporters Without Borders. But some subjects remain off limits for reporters. There are around 20 TV stations. Radio is an influential medium. Commercial and community stations have mushroomed. There are nearly 30 daily newspapers. BBC World Service (105.6 MHz) and Radio France Internationale are available on FM in Dakar. The online news media are highly-developed and include internet-based TV outlets.

The press

Le Soleil – state-owned daily
Sud Quotidien – private daily
Le Quotidien – private daily
L’Observateur – private daily
Wal Fadjri L’Aurore – private daily


Radiodiffusion Television Senegalaise (RTS) – state-run, operates RTS1 and RTS2
TFM – private
2S TV – private


Radiodiffusion Television Senegalaise (RTS)state-run, operates Chaine Nationale and Senegal Internationale, Dakar FM, regional services
Sud FM
– private, in Dakar and other cities
Walf FM
– operated by Groupe Wal Fadjri
Dunyaa FM
– private

News agency

Agence de Presse Senegalaise – state-run
PANA – Dakar-based pan-African news agency

Media data source: BBC

Internet Data

Internet users
58% penetration, 10.19 million

Share of web traffic by device
76.05% mobile phones, 23.16% computers (laptops and desktops), 0.78% tablet devices, others 0.01%

Average speed of mobile Internet connection
23.10  Mbps

Average speed of fixed Internet connection
21.77 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 114.8%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 76%

Most popular web search engines
Google (95.98%), Bing (3.58%), Yahoo! (0.29%), Petal Search (0.04%), DuckDuckGo (0.02%), other (0.08%).

Most used social media
Facebook (96.73%), Twitter (2.44%), YouTube (0.29%), Pinterest (0.24%), Instagram (0.24%), LinkedIn (0.02%), Reddit (0.02%), other (0.01%).

Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter

Social statistics

Life expectancy
67 yrs (2021)

CO2 emissions
0.6 metric tons per capita

Corruption perceptions Index
Senegal scored 43 out of 100, ranked 72 out of 180 countries worldwide.

Current health expenditure
5.15% of GDP (2020)

Current education expenditure
95% of total expenditure in public institutions

World Happiness Index
Senegal ranked 103 out of 146 countries, with a score of 5.046.

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

Tertiary education in Senegal (gross enrolment ratio)
Tertiary education by sex (gross enrolment ratio)

Source: UNESCO

The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at

Languages research

Areas where Wolof is spoken

Francophones and non francophones in Senegal

Languages spoken in Senegal

The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to

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