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To which language should you translate to localize in Uzbekistan?

What the 150 top websites do

Of the top 150 website (Global by design ranking):

  • 34/150 translate into Russian.
  • 22/150 translate into English.
  • 9/150 translate into O’zbek.

If you need others information, below you can find a selection of economic/social/cultural data



Official language
Uzbek 85%


T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales.

Actual languages
Russian 5.4%. The Tajik language is the third most spoken language in Uzbekistan since the Tajiks comprise of 4.0% of the country’s population.

Other languages
5.6% (Bukhari, Crimean Tatar, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Korean Turkish, and Arabic).

Very low proficiency (EF) – 93 of 113 countries/regions in the world- 19/23 position in Asia.


Capital:  Tashkent
Currency: Uzbekistani soʻm
Population: 35.64 mln
Population density: 79/km2


GDP: 80.39 billion USD (2022)
GDP per capita: 2,255.2 USD ‎(2022) ‎
Exports: $14.7 billion (2021)


Internet users: 76.6% penetration, 26.74 million
Unemployment rate: 6% (2022)
Urbanisation: 50% (2022)
Literacy: 100% (2022)


Numbering system
Arabic numerals with comma as decimal separator and space as thousands separator.

Date format: yyyy-mm-dd / dd-mm-yyyy
Time: 24h time system
Country code: 0033

Language data sources: Worldatlas/Britannica//EF/Wikipedia; Demography data sources: IMF/Worldometers; Conventions data source: Wikipedia; Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal; Statistics data sources: Datareportal/WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF/Culturalatlas/Commisceoglobal

Facts and data


$24.4 billion (2021). Packaged Medicaments ($1.04B), Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($1.01B), Cars ($656M), Refined Petroleum ($608M), and Wheat ($535M), importing mostly from China ($5.63B), Russia ($5.12B), Kazakhstan ($2.47B), South Korea ($1.92B), and Turkey ($1.87B).

Financial inclusion factors (over 15 years of  age)
• 44.1% have an account with a financial institution
• 3.8% have a credit card

Ease of doing business
Ease of conducting business is medium (rated 69.9 out of 100). Ranked 19th out of 24 European & Central Asian countries. Ranked 69th out of 190 countries worldwide (2023, World Bank).

$14.7 billion (2021).  Gold ($4.53B), Non-Retail Pure Cotton Yarn ($1.61B), Refined Copper ($741M), Petroleum Gas ($722M), and Radioactive Chemicals ($407M), exporting mostly to Switzerland ($2.4B), China ($1.94B), United Kingdom ($1.88B), Russia ($1.71B), and Turkey ($1.68B).
In 2021, Uzbekistan was the world’s biggest exporter of Silk Waste ($36.1M).

Main local online stores
Arbauz led online sales in 2016 with 11% value share, broad product variety and strong promotional campaigns. Other popular e-commerce websites include OLX, AliExpress and Amazon.

Economic freedom
‘Mostly not free’ (rated 56.5 out of 100). Ranked 23rd out of 39 Asian-Pacific countries. Ranked 109th out of 186 countries worldwide (2023, Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal).

Global Innovation Index
Ranked 3rd out of 18 Central & Southern Asian countries, and 82nd out of 132 worldwide.

The Global Innovation Index captures the innovation
ecosystem performance of 132 economies and tracks the most recent global innovation trends.

Economy data sources: WTO/OEC/CIA/Esomar/Datareportal

Service Imports (2018)
Service Exports

Source: OEC

Source: Our World in Data

Historical Data Trade Imports

The following section uses historical trade data imports from partners of Uzbekistan.

Historical Data Trade Exports

The following section uses historical trade data exports from partners of Uzbekistan.

Source: OEC

Source: OEC

The Top Export Opportunities for Uzbekistan by Relatedness

Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product by showing only products that Uzbekistan is not specialized in.

Uzbekistan's Most Complex Exports

The Product Complexity Index (PCI) measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Source: OEC

Uzbekistan's Most Specialized Products

Specialization is measured using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), an index that takes the ratio between Uzbekistan observed and expected exports in each product.

Source: OEC

Market Growth Imports (2018)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start importing that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Market Growth Exports (2018)

This score represents the likelihood that the given country will start exporting that product in the next few years. It forecasts the opening of a new specific market.

Source: OEC

Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$)

Source: OEC



Reach most of the online purchasing power

T-Index ranks countries according to their potential for online sales. It estimates the market share of each country in relation to global e-commerce.

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Media language Uzbek, English, Russian.

Information channels
Uzbekistan has one of Central Asia’s biggest media markets. TV is the most popular medium and the state broadcaster operates the main national networks. Russian TV is widely watched. Media freedom has declined after some limited improvement following the death in 2016 of former President Islam Karimov. The run-up to the 2021 presidential election saw tightened controls over internet content and increased pressure on critical voices. News is mainly consumed online, especially by younger Uzbeks, but sensitive content is often blocked. Opposition and other critical websites are based abroad.

The press

Khalq Sozi (People’s Word) – state-run daily in Uzbek; its sister title in Russian is Narodnoye Slovo
Pravda Vostoka (Truth of the East) – state-owned, Russian-language daily 
Hurriyat (Freedom) – weekly, describes itself as independent


National Television and Radio Company – state-run, operates multiple national and regional networks including flagship Ozbekistan and Uzbekistan 24 news TV
UzReport TV – private news channel


National Television and Radio Company – state-run, services include flagship network Ozbekiston, youth network Yoshlar
Oriat FM – private 
Uzbegim Taronasi – private
Radio Grand – private

News agency

Uzbekistan National News Agency – state-run, pages in English 
UzReport – private news agency – news site – news site
UzDaily – business news, pages in English

Media data source: BBC

Internet Data

Internet users
76.6% penetration, 26.74 million

Share of web traffic by device
69.89% mobile phones, 29.37% computers (laptops and desktops), 0.74% tablet devices.

Median speed of mobile Internet connection
14.55  Mbps

Median speed of fixed Internet connection
45.17 Mbps

Mobile connection as a percentage of total population: 91.2%

Percentage of mobile connections that are broadband (3G-5G): 85.9%

Most popular web search engines
Google (78.63%), Yandex (19.86%), Bing (0.84%), DuckduckGo (0.18%), Yahoo! (0.15%), Other (0.35%).

Most used social media
Instagram (48.74%), Facebook (17.68%), Pinterest (12.67%), YouTube (10.71%), Twitter (6.66%), VKontakte (1.73%), reddit (0.61%), other (1.19%).

Internet data sources: Datareportal/Statcounter

Social statistics

Life expectancy
71 yrs (2021)

Corruption perceptions Index
Uzbekistan scored 31 out of 100, ranked 126 out of 180 countries worldwide.

Current health expenditure
6.75% of GDP

CO2 emissions
3.4 metric tons per capita

Current education expenditure
97.6% of total expenditure in public institutions.

World Happiness Index
Uzbekistan ranked 53 out of 146 countries, with a score of 6.063.

Social statistics sources: WorldBank/UN/UNESCO/CEIC/IMF

The Data Factbook is a work in progress project. Our community is helping us to fill it up always with new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write your advices at

Languages research

Source: WorldAtlas

The geographical distribution of languages that you will find in the maps published in this section is a work in progress. Our community is helping us to fill it up with always new and updated data. Your contribution is precious. If you want to help us, please write to

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